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Current-Garcia, Eugene. O. Henry (William Sydney Porter). New York: Twayne, 1965. Includes a biography of O. Henry and a critical analysis of his work’s structure and its technical characteristics. Analyzes his popularity and the subsequent decline of his reputation. Discusses his influence on the development of the American short story.

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Langford, Gerald. Alias O. Henry: A Biography of William Sydney Porter. New York: Macmillan, 1957. Analyzes the work as well as the life of the writer. Asserts that O. Henry’s rightful place in American literature is that of a minor but classic writer.

Long, E. Hudson. O. Henry: The Man and His Work. Philadelphia: University of Pennsylvania Press, 1949. This biography makes a case for O. Henry as a “humorist, craftsman, and social historian.” Long claims that O. Henry is properly understood and appreciated in the context of the times in which he lived and the audience for which he wrote.

O’Connor Richard. O. Henry: The Legendary Life of William Porter. Garden City, New York: Doubleday, 1970. Traces the life of O. Henry from his boyhood in North Carolina through his Texas and Ohio prison years, and, finally, to New York. Vividly portrays the early twentieth century New York City evoked in his work.

Smith, C. Alphonso. O. Henry. Edgemont, Pa.: Chelsea House, 1980. Reprint. Garden City, N.Y.: Doubleday Page, 1916. A biography and analysis of O. Henry’s work written by a professor who knew O. Henry. Most interesting because, having been written in 1916, during the height of his popularity, it reveals a great deal about late Victorian culture and literary tastes.

Bibliography and Further Reading

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Further Reading

Bates, H. E., The Modem Short Story, Writer, Inc., 1941, p. 231.

Bates surveys the development of short stories in America, France, Russia, and Great Britain from the writers of Edgar Allan Poe's day through the 1940s and explains why O. Henry's short stories are so successful.

Current-Garcia, Eugene. O Henry (William Sydney Porter), Twayne Publishers, Inc., 1965.

This thorough biographical and critical study includes an examination of how O. Henry's regional background influenced his work.

Current-Garcia, Eugene, editor, O. Henry: A Study of the Short Fiction, Twayne, 1993,p 256.

This volume presents Current-Garcia's analyses of the stories of O. Henry and collects...

(The entire section contains 556 words.)

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Historical and Social Context