Other Literary Forms

(Literary Essentials: Great Poems of the World)

Giambattista Marino’s voluminous production is almost entirely in poetical form. In 1617, while he was in France, Marino wrote an invective against the enemies of the Catholic Church, La sferza, invettiva a quattro ministri della iniquitá (the whip: invective against four ministers of iniquity), which was first published in Paris in 1625. In addition, Marino’s copious correspondence, included in Lettere (1627) and published in a modern edition, Epistolario (1912), is very important, for it provides revealing glimpses of his moral and aesthetic values.