Gertrudis Gómez de Avellaneda Criticism - Essay

Beth Miller and Alan Devermond (essay date 1979)

(Nineteenth-Century Literary Criticism)

SOURCE: Miller, Beth, and Alan Devermond. “The Metamorphosis of Avellaneda's Sonnet to Washington.” Symposium: A Quarterly Journal in Modern Foreign Literature 33, no. 2 (summer 1979): 153-70.

[In the following essay, Miller and Devermond trace Avellaneda's revision of her sonnet, “A Washington,” as evidence of Avellaneda's evolving political views and self-identification as a Spanish-American writer.]

Gertrudis Gómez de Avellaneda published a sonnet to George Washington in the first edition of her Poesías (1841).1 It was reprinted in the second edition (1850), and again in a Spanish-language journal in New York in 1852, in both cases...

(The entire section is 8541 words.)

Hugh Harter (essay date 1981)

(Nineteenth-Century Literary Criticism)

SOURCE: Harter, Hugh. “The Novels.” In Gertrudis Gómez de Avellaneda, pp. 119-42. Boston: Twayne Publishers, 1981.

[In the following excerpt, Harter offers an examination of the characteristics, character types, and themes found in Avellaneda's novels.]

Although Spain, with Don Quixote and the development of the picaresque genre, has good reason to its claim as the “mother” of the novel, the rich vein of novelistic creativity had run dry long before the advent of romanticism to Iberia. By the 1830s and the advent of the romantic period, the works of Sir Walter Scott were widely read, often in poor translations, and there were numerous adaptations and...

(The entire section is 15302 words.)

Beth Miller (essay date 1983)

(Nineteenth-Century Literary Criticism)

SOURCE: Miller, Beth. “Gertrude the Great: Avellaneda, Nineteenth-Century Feminist.” In Women in Hispanic Literature: Icons and Fallen Idols, edited by Beth Miller, pp. 201-14. Berkeley: University of California Press, 1983.

[In the following essay, Miller tracks Avellaneda's development as a feminist and public figure throughout her life and as demonstrated by her writings. Miller also notes historical connections between Avellaneda's feminism and the concurrent feminist movement of the United States.]

When I first began working on Gertrudis Gómez de Avellaneda in 1972, I imagined that she must have been a visible and controversial “personality” in her time,...

(The entire section is 5832 words.)

Janet Gold (essay date 1989)

(Nineteenth-Century Literary Criticism)

SOURCE: Gold, Janet. “The Feminine Bond: Victimization and Beyond in the Novels of Gertrudis Gómez de Avellaneda.” Letras Femeninas 15, no. 1-2 (1989): 83-90.

[In the following essay, Gold asserts the importance of female relationships in Sab, Dos mujeres, and El Artista Barquero.]

Chloe liked Olivia … perhaps for the first time in literature … All these relationships between women, I thought, rapidly recalling the splendid gallery of fictitious women, are too simple. So much has been left out, unattempted. And I tried to remember any case in the course of my reading where two women were represented as friends. … They are...

(The entire section is 3327 words.)

Susan Kirkpatrick (essay date 1990)

(Nineteenth-Century Literary Criticism)

SOURCE: Kirkpatrick, Susan. “Gómez de Avellaneda's Sab: Gendering the Liberal Romantic Subject.” In In the Feminine Mode: Essays on Hispanic Women Writers, pp. 115-30. Lewisburg: Bucknell University Press, 1990.

[In the following essay, Kirkpatrick claims that the women and slave characters in Sab are alternative depictions of romantic and liberal ideologies. Using this construction Avellaneda critiques the cultural inequities inherent in those ideologies.]

Gertrudis Gómez de Avellaneda's novel Sab was the first abolitionist novel to be published in Spanish.1 Two details—the gender of the author and the date of publication in...

(The entire section is 7109 words.)

Sandra Beyer and Frederick Kluck (essay date 1991)

(Nineteenth-Century Literary Criticism)

SOURCE: Beyer, Sandra, and Frederick Kluck. “George Sand and Gertrudis Gómez de Avellaneda.” Nineteenth-Century French Studies 19, no. 2 (winter 1991): 203-09.

[In the following essay, Beyer and Kluck discuss the influence of George Sand's Indiana on Sab.]

That George Sand's works were of great importance in the English, Russian and American literary worlds is extremely well documented. Paul Blount asserts in his George Sand and the Victorian World, “It is not an exaggeration to say that a cult of George Sand existed in Victorian England and that among its participants were some of the most important figures in the literary world.”1...

(The entire section is 3024 words.)

Librada Hernandez (essay date 1991)

(Nineteenth-Century Literary Criticism)

SOURCE: Hernandez, Librada. “El No de Las Niñas: Subversive Female Roles in Three of La Avellaneda's Comedias.Hispanic Journal 12, no. 1 (spring 1991): 27-45.

[In the following excerpt, Hernandez asserts that Avellaneda wrote didactic and subversive comedies to criticize representations of women in society and the theater.]

The appearance of a successful woman playwright in the Madrid theater of the mid nineteenth century is an odd occurrence since the stage had been dominated by male writers. Gertrudis Gómez de Avellaneda represents a unique case in Spanish as well as in European literary history for the women that had acquired recognition at...

(The entire section is 7691 words.)

Nina M. Scott (essay date 1993)

(Nineteenth-Century Literary Criticism)

SOURCE: Scott, Nina M. Introduction to Sab and Autobiography, pp. xi-xxvii. Austin: University of Texas Press, 1993.

[In the following essay, which introduces Scott's translations of Avellaneda's work, Scott provides an overview of Avellaneda's life and pertinent background information on Sab.]

Gertrudis Gómez de Avellaneda y Arteaga was born in Puerto Príncipe (today Camagüey), a provincial capital in central Cuba, in March 1814, the eldest child and only daughter of Manuel Gómez de Avellaneda and Francisca de Arteaga y Betancourt. Her father was of aristocratic Spanish lineage, an officer in the Spanish navy in charge of that area of the island (Cuba...

(The entire section is 9060 words.)

Nina M. Scott (essay date 1995)

(Nineteenth-Century Literary Criticism)

SOURCE: Scott, Nina M. “Shoring Up the ‘Weaker Sex’: Avellaneda and Nineteenth-Century Gender Ideology.” In Reinterpreting the Spanish American Essay: Women Writers of the 19th and 20th Centuries, edited by Doris Meyer, pp. 57-67. Austin: University of Texas Press, 1995.

[In the following essay, Scott analyzes Avellaneda's feminist essay “La Mujer” in its context within Album Cubano, a journal founded and edited by Avellaneda.]

Gertrudis Gómez de Avellaneda (Cuba, 1814-1873) is not known as an essayist: she was principally a poet, novelist, and playwright, famous in her lifetime—at times even notorious for her unconventional...

(The entire section is 4242 words.)

Thomas Ward (essay date 1999)

(Nineteenth-Century Literary Criticism)

SOURCE: Ward, Thomas. “Nature and Civilization in Sab and the Nineteenth-Century Novel in Latin America.” Hispanofila 126 (May 1999): 25-40.

[In the following essay, Ward posits connections between the depictions of nature and the characters in Avellaneda'sSab, suggesting that this allows a critique of social Darwinism.]

The relationship between nature and society has long been a theme in Western literature, the pastoral serving as an antidote to the commercial corruption of the city. Horace, Virgil and Ovid, paradigmatic authors, established the notions of beatus ille and locus amoenus as important literary motifs. During the...

(The entire section is 7596 words.)