George Orwell Additional Biography

Biography

(Survey of Novels and Novellas)

George Orwell was born Eric Arthur Blair, the son of Richard Walmesley Blair and Ida (Limouzin) Blair. Orwell was born in India and lived there for four years, until his father moved the family back to England, to a small house named Nutshell, located in Henley-on-Thames. After a short leave, Orwell’s father returned alone to India; his wife and children remained in England, where he rejoined them later, upon his retirement. With his father’s return, Orwell, like most male members of the upper middle class, was sent away to boarding school, St. Cyprian’s, located at Eastbourne on the Sussex coast. After several miserable years, as Orwell describes them in his autobiographical Such, Such Were the Joys (1953), he won a...

(The entire section is 670 words.)

Biography

(Masterpieces of World Literature, Critical Edition)

George Orwell was born Eric Arthur Blair in Motihari, Bengal, India, on June 25, 1903, the son of Richard Walmesley Blair, a minor official in the British government, and Ida Limouzin Blair. In 1904, Orwell’s mother took him to England, where the family lived at Henley-on-Thames, Oxfordshire. Orwell had two sisters, one five years older and the other five years younger. According to his own account in his essay “Why I Write,” Orwell, until he was eight years old, barely saw his father. Consequently, Orwell developed a habit of solitude that resulted from his developing “disagreeable mannerisms” that made him “unpopular” throughout his schooldays.

Orwell’s schooldays were spent at Sunnylands, an...

(The entire section is 1032 words.)

Biography

(Masterpieces of World Literature, Critical Edition)

George Orwell’s novels and essays have contributed to current literary and political writing an awareness of the connections among language and thinking and political actions. Particularly in his later works, Orwell focused his purpose on writing, merging art with politics, attacking the effects of the power motives of totalitarian governments in one’s humanity, warning his readers of the dangers inherent in “groupthink” and “doublespeak,” and grimly satirizing the human traits that have let oppressed peoples become the victims of those intoxicated by power. Though Orwell’s writing career, by twentieth century standards, was fairly short, several of his essays and novels hold for him a place in Western literature and in political thought.

Biography

(Great Authors of World Literature, Critical Edition)

George Orwell, with an international reputation based on his two finest works, Animal Farm and Nineteen Eighty-Four, has emerged as a prominent prose stylist and perhaps the twentieth century’s most important political writer. Born Eric Arthur Blair on June 25, 1903, at Motihari in Bengal, India, he was the second child of Richard Walmesley Blair and Ida Mabel Limouzin Blair. Richard Blair, an administrator in the Opium Department of the government of India, had a singularly undistinguished career, and in 1905 his wife and two young children returned to England, where he did not permanently join them until his retirement in 1911.{$S[A]Blair, Eric Arthur;Orwell, George}

Orwell’s early years in...

(The entire section is 962 words.)

Biography

(Critical Guide to Censorship and Literature)

During the 1930’s and 1940’s, when few English socialists had awakened to the full horrors of Soviet totalitarianism under Joseph Stalin, Orwell was an exception. He was aware not only of the threat to intellectual freedom that totalitarianism—of the Left as well as the Right—posed, but also of the peculiar nature of that threat: the totalitarian concept that the past is not unalterable, but can be continually recreated to suit prevailing orthodoxies. Censorship was then becoming a matter of the manipulation of language and thought, rather than such old-fashioned methods as public book-burnings or censors’ blue pencils.

Orwell had some personal experience of the cruder forms of censorship. His mail was opened and some books were confiscated from his house in the atmosphere of fear that prevailed in England on the eve of World War II. Orwell’s “London Letters” in Partisan Review, the first of which appeared in 1941, were subject to censorship by Great Britain’s Ministry of Information. A passage in one of these essays referring to the possible lynching of German aviators who had parachuted into England was deleted. When Orwell worked for the British Broadcasting Corporation during the war he had to live with the possibility that his fairly innocuous broadcasts to India would be censored by eager bureaucrats, on the lookout for careless phrases.

Biography

(Short Stories for Students)

George Orwell was born Eric Blair on June 25, 1903, in Motihari, Bengal, which was then a province of India under British rule. Richard...

(The entire section is 382 words.)

Biography

(Novels for Students)

George Orwell Published by Gale Cengage

George Orwell was born Eric Arthur Blair in Bengal India in 1903, into a middle-class family. The son of a British civil servant, Orwell was...

(The entire section is 676 words.)

Biography

(Beacham's Guide to Literature for Young Adults)

Born Eric Arthur Blair in Motihari, Bengal, India, on June 25, 1903, George Orwell was the son of a British civil servant and belonged to...

(The entire section is 508 words.)

Biography

(Novels for Students)

George Orwell was born Eric Arthur Blair in Bengal, India, in 1903, into a family that had to struggle to make ends meet. The son of a...

(The entire section is 688 words.)