As World War II drew to a close, the importance of George Marshall’s service as Army Chief of Staff became evident to all. The intricate arrangements of strategy and supply, so necessary to maintain the millions of troops active on numerous fronts, had matched the industrial and economic might of America with military strength. At this point, when most men would have gratefully retired, George Marshall embarked upon his most impressive years.

With the end of war came no real peace, because American interests were first closely involved with the struggle in China between the Nationalists and Mao Tse-tung’s Communists, then tested by the growing confrontation with the increasingly hostile Soviets, further challenged by the...

(The entire section is 281 words.)