(Contemporary Literary Criticism)

Marcel, Gabriel 1889–1964

Marcel was a French dramatist, philosopher, and critic generally classified as a Christian existentialist. Like Sartre and other existentialists, Marcel was concerned with human alienation. Unlike them, he believed the individual could transcend alienation through Christian grace. Marcel celebrates the ordinary nature of his characters who do not share the intellectual powers or political commitment that distinguish Sartre's heroes. Marcel posited his faith in human nature in the humility of his protagonists. Indeed, man, and not the deity, was Marcel's realm.