Gabriel García Márquez Additional Biography

Biography

(Critical Guide to Censorship and Literature)

Popularly known as “Gabo,” Gabriel García Márquez has often been called the peoples’ writer in the Hispanic world. He has been compared to Leo Tolstoy, Fyodor Dostoevski, Charles Dickens, and, especially, William Faulkner. His rich literary mixtures of myth and fantasy paint a picture of Latin American people not as idealized heros or piteous victims, but as ordinary people in opposition to powerful forces. This opposition García Márquez portrays in his often bawdy and humorous accounts of everyday work, play, and romantic and erotic love. Known for their political radicalism, his novels contain the underpinnings of irreverence toward all things official. A declared foe of Western imperialism, he is recognized as one of the twentieth century’s great political writers. In addition to U.S. imperialists, this 1982 Nobel Prize winner’s satirical targets have included lawyers, doctors, political hierarchies, and church officials. His novels involve such incidents as civil wars, labor strikes, military repression, and heroic revolutions. In a stylistic blend of Caribbean folklore and modernistic Western technique, García Márquez explores life in all its manifestations, even if these manifestations include casual sex, incest, ménage à trois, and even cannibalism.

His work has been translated into at least thirty languages, and censorship problems have followed in the wake of his international success. In 1986, for example, his One Hundred...

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Biography

(Literary Essentials: Short Fiction Masterpieces)

Gabriel García Márquez was born in Aracataca, a town near the Atlantic coast of Colombia, on March 6, 1928. His parents, Luisa Santiaga and Gabriel Eligio Márquez, sent him to live with his maternal grandparents for the first eight years of his life. He attended school in Barranquilla and Zipaquirá and went on to law studies at the Universidad Nacional in Bogotá.

His first short story was published in 1947 in the Bogotá newspaper El Espectador. The literary editor praised the work, and in the next five years several more short fictions were also published. When his studies were interrupted by political violence in 1948, García Márquez transferred to the Universidad de Cartagena, but he never received...

(The entire section is 631 words.)

Biography

(Survey of Novels and Novellas)

Gabriel José García Márquez was born in Aracataca, near the Caribbean coast of Colombia, on March 6, 1927. His parents were less important to his upbringing than were his grandparents, with whom he lived for the first eight years of his life. García Márquez has emphasized their significance by claiming that nothing interesting happened to him after his grandfather’s death, when he was eight years old. In these early years he received a heavy dose of history, myth, legend, and traditional oral storytelling. The Aracataca region, which recently had experienced the economic boom of “banana fever,” could no longer rely on American funding, financially or ideologically; therefore myths and nostalgia became essential in...

(The entire section is 1118 words.)

Biography

(Masterpieces of World Literature, Critical Edition)

On March 6, 1927, Gabriel José de la Concordia García Márquez (gahr-SEE-ah MAHR-kays) was born in Aracataca, Colombia. The oldest of eleven children of Luisa Santiago Márquez Iguarán and Gabriel Eligio García, the boy was reared by his grandparents during his early years. He refers to his grandfather, a retired colonel, as the “guardian angel” of his “infancy.” The old man instilled in him a love for the past, especially for the period of the Colombian civil wars from 1899 to 1903. García Márquez also grew up hearing his grandmother and aunts tell stories of local myths and legends.

After graduation from the National Secondary School near Bogotá in 1946, García Márquez entered the National...

(The entire section is 826 words.)

Biography

(Masterpieces of World Literature, Critical Edition)

The fiction of Gabriel García Márquez is an investigation of what has been called “poetic truth.” Most of his work presents pictures of nineteenth century Latin American life that are recognizable in many respects, but García Márquez also deals with deeper truths and investigates more universal patterns. To do so, he blends fantasy and realism in what critics have called Magical Realism, creating works that have earned him not only the Nobel Prize in Literature but also the kind of recognition that he says he has always desired: people reading and talking about his books “not with admiration or enthusiasm but with affection.”

Biography

(Great Authors of World Literature, Critical Edition)

Gabriel García Márquez (gahr-SEE-ah MAHR-kays) is among the major figures in the great surge of creativity, from the late 1940’s to the early 1970’s, that placed Latin America in the forefront of the global literary scene. García Márquez was born in a Colombian village on the Caribbean coast. He was the first of twelve children. Owing to his parents’ indigence, he was reared by his maternal grandparents, who provided him with the stories, legends, and superstitions of Aracataca that were in time to inform a number of his short stories as well as his monumental novel One Hundred Years of Solitude. He was sent to school at the age of eight, after the death of his grandfather. Completing his early and secondary...

(The entire section is 990 words.)

Biography

(Nonfiction Classics for Students)

García Márquez was born on March 6, 1928, in Aracataca, Colombia, a small town near the Atlantic coast. He was raised by his grandparents,...

(The entire section is 593 words.)

Biography

(Literature of Developing Nations for Students)

Born in 1928, Gabriel Jose Garcia Marquez spent the first eight years of his life in the small Colombian village of Aracataca. His...

(The entire section is 426 words.)

Biography

(Novels for Students)

Gabriel Garcia Marquez was born in Aracataca, Colombia, on 6 March 1928 to Gabriel Eligio Garcia and Luisa Sanliaga Marquez de Garcia. In...

(The entire section is 445 words.)

Biography

(Short Stories for Students)

Gabriel Jose Garcia Marquez was born on March 6, 1928, in Aracataca, Colombia, a small town in a farming region near the Caribbean coast. His...

(The entire section is 909 words.)

Biography

(Novels for Students)

Gabriel García Márquez Published by Gale Cengage

Best known as the author of the prize-winning One Hundred Years of Solitude, Gabriel García Márquez began...

(The entire section is 555 words.)

Biography

(Literature of Developing Nations for Students)

In 1928, the year when more than one hundred local strikers were massacred, Garcia Marquez was born in Aracataca, Colombia. His first years...

(The entire section is 605 words.)