Cogny, Pierre. "Realism and Naturalism: Roots of the Twentieth Century," translated by Leslie Brittman and Will L. McLendon with Michel Bodin. In L'Hénaurme Siècle: A Miscellany of Essays on Nineteenth-Century French Literature, edited by Will L. McLendon, pp. 135-43. Heidelberg: Carl Winter Universitätsverlag, 1984.
Traces the importance of the nineteeth-century French Realists to twentieth-century literature.
Cook, Malcolm. Fictional France: Social Reality in the French Novel, 1775-1800. Providence, R.I.: Berg, 1993, 169 p.
Surveys the fictional representation of French society during the period immediately preceding and following the French Revolution.
Gaillard, Françoise. "The Great Illusion of Realism, or the Real as Representation." Poetics Today: International Journal for the Theory and Analysis of Literature and Communication 5, No. 4 (1984): 753-66.
Questions the possibility that the real is "intrinsically capable of being known" or "mimetically representable" using examples from Flaubert's Bouvard and Pécuchet.
Griffin, Robert. Rape of the Lock: Flaubert's Mythic Realism. Lexington, Ky.: French Forum, Publishers, 1988, 391 p.
Examines mythological substructures in the novels of Flaubert.
Jefferson, Ann. "Realism Reconsidered: Bakhtin's Dialogism and the 'Will to Reference.'" Australian Journal of French Studies XXIII, No. 2 (May-August 1986): 169-84.
Argues that realism and self-consciousness are complementary, rather than contradictory, aspects of the novel.
Petrey, Sandy. Realism and Revolution: Balzac, Stendhal, Zola, and the Performances of History. Ithaca, N.Y.: Cornell University Press, 1988, 211 p.
Argues that "the dilemmas of representation, far from being realism's blind spot, figure among its major narrative subjects."
Reid, James H. Narration and Description in the French Realist Novel: The Temporality of Lying and Forgetting. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press, 1993, 219 p.
Studies "the difference, and fundamental incompatibility, between the narrative and descriptive modes of discourse" in nineteenth-century French fiction.
Schehr, Lawrence R. Flaubert and Sons: Readings of Flaubert, Zola and Proust. New York: Peter Lang, 1986, 268 p.
Offers Post-structuralist interpretations of Madame Bovary, Thérèse Raquin, and A la recherche du temps perdu, dealing with the problem of representation in the realistic novel.
Schor, Naomi. Breaking the Chain: Women, Theory, and French Realist Fiction. New York: Columbia University Press, 1985, 203 p.
Applies Feminist and Structuralist theories to an analysis of the representation of women in nineteenth-century French fiction.