Freak the Mighty Analysis

  • Freak the Mighty is a novel about the individual's role in society. Both of the main characters, Max and Kevin, are misfits or "freaks," and both of them struggle to cope with their disabilities and find their place in the world. Their social surroundings (middle school, with all its bullies) makes fitting in especially difficult, but Max and Kevin find strength in each other.
  • Homes are symbols of poverty and social divisions in Freak the Mighty. The tenements where Iggy and Loretta live are good examples of this. Rundown, crime-ridden, and impoverished, the tenements reflect the broken and crippled families inside them. Max's difficult home life is the source of his emotional problems.
  • Escapism gives Max and Kevin a way to forget the pain of reality. In their imaginary world, Freak the Mighty is a hero, struggles are adventures, and the dangerous city where they live takes on a beautiful, hopeful gleam. Kevin's unfulfilled desire to transfer his consciousness into a bionic body emphasizes his unhappiness with his situation.


While Philbrick has indicated that Freak the Mighty was to be set in and around Portsmouth, New Hampshire, where he went to high school, the larger geographical location plays almost no part in the book. There are not, for example, distinctive weather, flora, or accents. Instead, two general categories provide all the settings for the action: social settings (especially domestic settings) and imaginary settings.

The first social setting is a series of snapshots of day care or school encounters between Kevin and Max. The main setting initially explored is Max’s basement bedroom, which is as much a cave or a refuge as it is a bedroom. The paneled walls buckle, but “down under” is a place for Max to hide away from an unfriendly world. It is a run-down and depressing place, but it is at least his own. Except for Kevin’s house, the other social/domestic settings are even more depressing. When the boys visit the New Tenements (called the “New Testaments”), it is a sad and broken environment, one where people have no hope. Max’s father takes him to an old woman’s home, where they are intruders, and then to the filthy basement of a burned-out building. The conclusion is clear: in the world of Freak the Mighty, most homes are symbols of the torn and crippled families that live in them. The larger social settings, such as the school, town, or hospital, are not always as depressing, but they are just as threatening and violent. Max never knows when a gang of thugs will threaten him or when an entire school classroom will start making fun of him. Here too the novel gives clear messages through its settings: communities are not always welcoming, and they will violently reject you if you are different.

The main exception to this comes when Max is with Kevin and the two boys escape into imaginary settings. Just as Kevin dreams of an escape into a bionic body free of pain, so the boys change a threatening town into a landscape for adventure. The imaginary settings are what make the world portrayed in Freak the Mighty livable.


“A Tribute to the Little Guy.” 2004. Bookseller, July, Issue 5136. This brief article contains useful quotations from Philbrick on how he got the idea for the novel.

Freak the Mighty.” 1993. Publishers Weekly, 240 (64): 1. This brief article is useful because it is one of the main negative critiques of the novel.

Jones, Nicolette. 2004. “Children’s Book of the Week.” Sunday Times, September 12, p. 54. Jones praises many aspects of Freak the Mighty.

Makowski, Marilyn. 1994. “Reviews: Fiction.” Book Report, Vol. 12, Issue 5. This brief review is largely summary but devotes some space to praising the novel.

Smith, Diane. 2006. “An Open Book: For Preteens Who Keep Reading, the Future Is....” Fort Worth Star-Telegram, November 24. Smith’s news article discusses the use of Freak the Mighty in classroom reading programs.

Vasilakis, Nancy. 1994. “Freak the Mighty.” Horn Book Magazine, 70 (1): 74. Vasilakis summarizes and then recommends the novel for its finding of the universal in those whose appearance is different.

White, Libby K. 1993. “Book Review: Junior High Up.” School Library Journal, 39 (12): 137. White essentially raves about the novel, calling it “wonderful, different, and special.”

Zvirin, Stephanie. 1993. “Freak the Mighty.” Booklist, December 15, p. 747. This review usefully identifies the novel’s strengths and weaknesses.