In Mary Shelley's Frankenstein, why does Walton compare himself to the "Ancient Mariner" and in which letter?

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The Ancient Mariner of Coleridge's poem "The Rime of the Ancient Mariner" took a proud and arrogant view of nature when he killed the helpful albatross in the regions around Antarctica. He destroyed the bird for no reason, except that he could. For this deed, he was haunted and punished. To atone he must tell his story as a warning to other people to respect God and nature. The Mariner tells the wedding guest

He prayeth best, who loveth best
All things both great and small;
For the dear God who loveth us,
He made and loveth all.

Walton realizes that he too is a proud and ambitious explorer like the Mariner, and perhaps, like the Mariner, overstepping his bounds. Victor Frankenstein is also like the Mariner, driven by his ambition and disregard for God to go beyond his human limits and take life (in his case creating rather than destroying it) into his own hands.

Both the Mariner reference and Walton's own story suggest that Victor's ambition is commonplace, not an aberration.

This allusion to the Mariner is found in Walton's second letter to his sister, where he writes that he is fearful he will come home as "woeful" as the Mariner.

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In Letter II of Frankenstein, Walton writes in the latter part of his missive to his sister that he is going to unexplored regions, to

'the land of mist and snow'; but I shall kill no albatross, therefore do not be alarmed for my safety, or if I should come back to you as warn and woeful as the 'Ancient Mariner'? 

Walton continues by telling his sister a "secret":  He has long had an enthusiasm for the "dangerous mysteries" of the ocean which has been influenced by his reading of Coleridge's poem.  And, as in Coleridge's poem, Walton's expedition is to the polar regions.  In fact, in "The Rime of the Ancient Mariner," the "polar gods" punish the sailor for his disrespect for nature by his killing of the albatross.  Similarly, Walton displays disregard for nature by later insisting that the ship remain stuck in the polar ice because he is so obsessed with reaching the North Pole.  Fortunately, of course, Walton is dissuaded by Victor Frankenstein and his crew, so he turns back from his mission. 

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