In Frankenstein, why does Victor marry Elizabeth despite the monster's wedding night threat?

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In Frankenstein, Victor proceeds with his plans to marry Elizabeth despite the monster's threats for a few reasons. Victor denies his own responsibility in the creation of his "monster" by feeling as though he needs to make a stand against it and assuming the role of the victim. If the monster does indeed destroy him or Elizabeth, Victor also selfishly wants to indulge in what little happiness he can before his demise.

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There are many reasons Victor chooses to proceed with his marriage plans, but the strongest reason stems from his cowardice and denial.

Victor creates his creature, never stopping to think about the consequence of that choice, and this reality is illuminated when Victor immediately abandons his creation the moment he sees it become reanimated. From this moment on, Victor tries to deny his creation and ignore the problem because he is too afraid of his work. He feels he has created a monstrosity and has no idea how to fix his misstep.

We see these behaviors emerge again when Victor decides to move forward and marry Elizabeth, even though the creature has killed his family members and has threatened his life. It's as if Victor is still in denial, yet the fear of this reality coming true on his wedding night makes him a deer in headlights.

Even though he is afraid, he decides that if the creature appears, then he will confront it, forcing the monster to come to him and make the choice. This victim mentality Victor has created negates his responsibility in his eyes. He may feel he is standing up to the creature by refusing to give in to its demands, but all he is doing is setting himself and Elizabeth up for tragedy, the same way it played out for Justine and William.

In one sense, this decision is a turning point for Victor because he makes the choice, knowing something horrible could happen, but when analyzed, it seems he does so because he isn't strong enough to fix the problem without it blowing up in his face. He doesn't want to own up to the consequences of his actions. He's too afraid, so once again, he denies a problem exists.

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Victor Frankenstein, feeling guilty for the pain that he inflicted on the monster simply by bringing him into existence, promises that he will make things right by creating a mate for the monster with whom he can live out his days. However, he begins to have second thoughts when he imagines the two mating and procreating, and when he sees the monster watching him work with a disgusting grin, decides to destroy his creation in progress. Infuriated, the monster swears vengeance and says that he will "be with" Victor's family on the night of his wedding, implying that the former will kill the latter's wife.

Victor frets over this and intends originally to continue postponing his wedding, until he finally meets again with his wife upon returning home. He sees that Elizabeth has become sickly and thin, clearly distressed because of his emotional distance. He feels intense guilt and resolves to stop letting the fear of the monster control his life. He decides to go ahead with his wedding, and he will confront the monster head on if he has to. This is precisely what he plans to do, as he begins carrying a pistol with him at all times. Even if the monster destroys him, at least the misery will be over.

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Victor is a rather stubborn old soul. So when the Monster threatens to pay him a visit on his wedding night, he refuses to cancel his plans. Come hell or high water he will marry Elizabeth.

At this point in the story the power dynamic between the monster and his creator is beginning to shift. At first, there was no doubt that it was Frankenstein who was the dominant partner in this relationship. But now, as Victor prepares for his forthcoming nuptials, it's the monster who's in control. He's the one who's calling the shots, who's making demands of Victor: make me a mate, or there'll be trouble!

But Victor realizes that if he starts caving in to the monster's demands, he'll be setting foot on a very slippery slope indeed. If he agrees to do what the monster wants, then the monster will start making ever more outrageous demands, and who knows where that will lead?

Besides, Victor has such a monstrously large ego that he simply cannot contemplate the prospect of the monster—his monster, no less—getting the whip hand over him. Frankenstein created his monster in the hope that he would be the first of a race of creatures that would bow down before him like a god. If he gives in to the monster's demands, then that will act as an uncomfortable reminder to Victor that his ambitious plans have all been dashed.

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After receiving Elizabeth's letter in which she asks him "Do you not love another?" because Victor no longer shows an interest in marrying her, Victor's memory of what the creature has told him is revived --"I shall be with you on your wedding-night."  Victor believes, of course, that his "daemon" will destroy him and prevent him from what little happiness he can attain by having Elizabeth's love to console him for all his losses.  However, Victor resolves, "Well, be it so," deciding to marry Elizabeth and have what little joy he can before his inevitable death.  At least, with his death Victor can finally achieve some peace.

In addition, Victor feels that if he marries Elizabeth, he can end her misery and give her some happiness, if only for a brief time:  "Yet I would die to make her happy."  Besides, Victor reasons, if the creature believes that he has postponed his wedding out of fear, the "monster" will merely devise another plan that is even more dreadful, for Victor's torture and destruction. So, Victor resolves to agree to his union with Elizabeth in order to bring happiness to her as well as to his father. 

Here again Victor engages in rationalizing his situation and his future actions.  While he deludes himself into thinking that he wishes to make his father and Elizabeth happy, Victor chiefly deceives himself by attributing all the evil machinations to the creature.

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