(Masterpieces of World Literature, Critical Edition)

The Four Wise Men marked a turning point for Tournier. It appears to be one of the simplest of his books and seems to mark a tacit acceptance of Christianity. It is certainly his most humorous work. Beneath its surface simplicity and charm, however, The Four Wise Men is a telling examination of the beliefs by which people live.

The Four Wise Men consists of seven main sections, a postscript in which Tournier summarizes his sources, and some brief notes. The first three sections consist of the stories of the three traditional Magi: Gaspar, Balthazar, and Melchior, all of whose names derive from nonbiblical sources. Gaspar is a black king of Méroé in southern Egypt who buys two blond slaves and who gradually grows ashamed of his color. His faith in himself is restored when he travels to Bethlehem and sees that the infant Christ is black. Balthazar is the king of Nippur, a region of Babylonia. His great museum has been destroyed by a priest who disapproves of graven images, but Balthazar learns in Bethlehem that art pays tribute to creation and is therefore not sacrilegious. Melchior is a prince of Palmyra, Syria, driven out of his country before he can become king. In Bethlehem he discovers that it is possible to rule without violence and political manipulation, and he decides to found a heavenly city on earth.

There follow three episodes that serve to place the stories of the Magi in perspective. “Barbedor” is...

(The entire section is 539 words.)