The Forsyte Saga led to John Galsworthy’s Nobel Prize in Literature in 1932. The novel’s initial immense popularity subsided for a time but was revived again in the 1970’s, partly as a result of a televised dramatization by the British Broadcasting Corporation in 1969. The three novels that make up the trilogy—The Man of Property, In Chancery, and To Let—are sequences in the history of a wealthy, middle-class English family, the Forsytes, who are conscious of their social position and eager to keep it. Their pettiness in matters of decorum is typical of the wealthy bourgeoisie of the times.
The central conflict tying the three novels and two short stories—“Indian Summer of a Forsyte” and “Awakening”—together is between the sense of beauty and the acquisitive instinct, the desire to own, both property and people. Soames believes he owns Irene, yet he loses her twice—to men who, by his lights, are immoral and have no right to her. Fleur, her father’s daughter, loves Jon desperately, but she is desperate that she may lose him, that she may not possess him. Soames becomes a perceptive collector of paintings, but in his mind, he can never really separate their artistic value from the prices they may bring. He always knows which artists are up, which down. He spends hours alone in his picture room, luxuriating in the collection he owns.
The differences among the various members of the Forsyte clan are to a great extent due to generational misunderstanding. The older members of the family, such as Uncle Swithin and Old Jolyon, lived in a different world, both chronologically and psychologically, from that of such young Forsytes as Fleur and Jon. Those two worlds are straddled by Soames and Winifred, products of the tranquil Victorian period but now faced with disturbing societal changes that make them cling to the old familiar ways and fear acceptance of new ideas and new people. The transition from the old world into the new is one of the major strengths of the novel, and Galsworthy draws readers into the lives of the Forsytes in such a way that they feel they are actually living through this time of change.
Perhaps the greatest merit of The Forsyte Saga is that while its overall aim is one of social criticism, the characters are not sacrificed to this end but used to illuminate the commentary. Although critics have claimed that most of the characters are incomplete, the mystery in each of the main characters, especially Irene and Bosinney, proves immensely engrossing.
With her striking...
(The entire section is 1061 words.)