Literary Techniques

(Beacham's Encyclopedia of Popular Fiction)

The First Circle is narrated by an omniscient third-person narrator aware of each character's history, thoughts, and sensations. Like...

(The entire section is 194 words.)

Ideas for Group Discussions

(Beacham's Encyclopedia of Popular Fiction)

1. Solzhenitsyn takes the novel's title from Canto IV of Dante's The Inferno, where the first circle is Limbo. Read the canto and...

(The entire section is 232 words.)

Social Concerns

(Beacham's Encyclopedia of Popular Fiction)

Like One Day in the Life of Ivan Denisovich (1963), The First Circle takes place in a Siberian labor camp. This camp, Mavrino,...

(The entire section is 122 words.)


(Great Characters in Literature)

Ericson, Edward E., Jr. Solzhenitsyn: The Moral Vision, 1980.

Kodjak, Andrej. Alexander Solzhenitsyn, 1978.

Krasnov, Vladislav. Solzhenitsyn and Dostoevsky: A Study in the Polyphonic Novel, 1980.

Lukacs, Georg. Solzhenitsyn, 1969.

Rothberg, Abraham. Aleksandr Solzhenitsyn, 1971.

Literary Precedents

(Beacham's Encyclopedia of Popular Fiction)

The term "polyphonic" was first coined to describe Dostoevsky's novels, like The Brothers Karamazov (1880), which follow several...

(The entire section is 149 words.)

Related Titles

(Beacham's Encyclopedia of Popular Fiction)

Candle in the Wind (1973) is also set in a research facility, although this one has an unspecified, international location. The...

(The entire section is 175 words.)


(Beacham's Encyclopedia of Popular Fiction)

Polish director Aleksandr Ford made a film of The First Circle in 1972. Faithful to the book, the movie builds upon the conversations...

(The entire section is 96 words.)