Throughout the literatures of numerous countries fertility is tied to identity, defining women and men by their reproductive capabilities. Some works celebrate fertility without question, as Willa Cather does in My Ántonia (1918). The narrator, Jim Burden, describes Ántonia as an Earth Mother, with a flock of children about her, tending her apple orchard and the animals of the farm, all life and goodness flowing from her. Eudora Welty too in her fiction creates images of Earth Mother characters, like the pregnant woman in “The Death of a Travelling Salesman,” who is only called “the woman.” Welty’s allusions to the Dionysian fertility cult of ancient Greece unequivocally imply that a cyclical, natural view of the world is superior. Implicit as well is the theme that those who claim their place in nature will be self-fulfilled and those who deny it will always be alienated from themselves and the earth. Male writers do not always frame the topic in quite the same way. Eugene O’Neill, for example, depicts male characters who long for evidence of their virility, indeed pin all their hopes for the future on it, as in Desire Under the Elms (1924).