Patrick J. Garrity (essay date 1987)

(Literary Criticism (1400-1800))

SOURCE: Garrity, Patrick J. “Foreign Policy and The Federalist.” In Saving the Revolution: The Federalist Papers and the American Founding, edited by Charles R. Kesler, pp. 83-99. New York: The Free Press, 1987.

[In the following essay, Garrity looks at the formation of early American foreign policy as revealed in The Federalist Papers.]

In the first volume of his memoirs, Henry Kissinger reflects upon those traditions of American foreign policy that stand in the way of a more realistic approach to the preservation of U.S. national interests. Because of our geographic remoteness and the shield provided by British sea power during the nineteenth...

(The entire section is 9459 words.)

George W. Carey (essay date 1989)

(Literary Criticism (1400-1800))

SOURCE: Carey, George W. “Republicanism.” In The Federalist: Design for a Constitutional Republic, pp. 3-27. Urbana: University of Illinois Press, 1989.

[In the following excerpt, Carey discusses Publius's conception of republicanism, focusing on the problem of factions and Publius's “cure” for overcoming their potential evils.]

To secure the public good and private rights against the danger of [majority factions], and at the same time to preserve the spirit and form of popular government, is then the great object to which our inquiries are directed.


Any number of places in The...

(The entire section is 10879 words.)

Edward Milligan (essay date 1990)

(Literary Criticism (1400-1800))

SOURCE: Milligan, Edward. “Publius the Nationalist.” In One United People: The Federalist Papers and the National Idea, pp. 209-29. Lexington: University of Kentucky Press, 1990.

[In the following essay, Milligan argues that the authors of The Federalist Papers—collectively and individually—are better thought of as nationalists than federalists, suggesting that they very clearly favored a strong centralized national government, but disputing the notion that they primarily defended the property rights of the wealthy.]

The exposition of the argument of Publius is now complete, and it is time to stand back from the canvas to take an overall look. The...

(The entire section is 9671 words.)

John Burt (essay date 1993)

(Literary Criticism (1400-1800))

SOURCE: Burt, John. “Tyranny and Faction in the Federalist Papers.” Raritan 13, no. 2 (Fall 1993): 56-84.

[In the following essay, Burt finds that the The Federalist Papers's solutions to the problems of tyranny and factions are a “species of hypocrisy,” based on mistaken assumptions.]

In his 1878 essay “Kin Beyond Sea,” Gladstone distinguishes between the English and American Constitutions, noting that “the one is a thing grown, the other is a thing made.” He was at least partly wrong, but he did capture the founders' exhilarating sense of making new discoveries in political theory prompted by their experiences as English colonists and as...

(The entire section is 10421 words.)