What are some examples of metaphors in part one of Fahrenheit 451?

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Fahrenheit 451 by Ray Bradbury is a science-fiction novel full of all kinds of figurative language, including metaphors. A metaphor is an implied comparison between two unlike things, such as calling a cold room a freezer or a classroom a prison cell.

In part one of this novel, it...

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does not take long to discover the first metaphor; in fact, it can be found in the second sentence of the story. 

Though we do not know his name yet, we know that a fireman is taking great pleasure in doing his job of burning things--books, to be more specific. Guy Montag is described this way:

With the brass nozzle in his fists, with this great python spitting its venomous kerosene upon the world, the blood pounded in his head, and his hands were the hands of some amazing conductor playing all the symphonies of blazing and burning to bring down the tatters and charcoal ruins of history.

Unlike a typical fireman, Montag has a hose which spews kerosene to start fires rather than water to douse them. In this case, the nozzle is compared to a "great python spitting its venomous kerosene" onto another pile of books.

Though Montag is a fireman who is, oddly enough, destroying things with fire, his actions are metaphorically compared to those of a conductor who uses his hands to orchestrate a great symphony of burning; the burning pile of books is also compared to a symphony of "blazing and burning."

Later, on his way home, Montag meets a young girl who we learn later is seventeen-year-old Clarisse McClellan. She tells him she does not mind the smell of kerosene, like so many other people do. He responds to her observation this way:

"Kerosene," he said, because the silence had lengthened, "is nothing but perfume to me."

Here the metaphor compares the smell of kerosene to the smell of a perfume, an unlikely comparison to be sure except for a man who uses kerosene routinely to make his living.

When Montag looks at Clarisse, he metaphorically describes her this way:

Her face, turned to him now, was fragile milk crystal

When Montag arrives home, he is faced with the unpleasant image of his wife splayed out on the bed. She is a sharp contrast to the vibrant young girl he has just been talking to, and then he discovers that his wife, Mildred, has taken an overdose of sleeping pills.

The paramedics arrive and use machines to pump her stomach, something they do routinely nine or ten times each night. One of the machine operators describes today's world (the "today" of this dystopian novel, anyway) in this way:

"Well, after all, this is the age of the disposable tissue. Blow your nose on a person, wad them, flush them away, reach for another, blow, wad, flush."

This metaphor compares human beings to tissues (kleenex). He asserts that people, like tissues, are disposable. They can easily be used, wadded up, and flushed away like used-up tissue. When one person is used up, one simply reaches for another and repeats the process.

This novel is full of figurative language, including metaphors, and they are easy to find once you start looking for them.

For more helpful insights about this novel, check out the excellent eNotes references linked below.

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Provide a few examples of metaphors from the second part of Ray Bradbury's Fahrenheit 451.

There are several examples of metaphors in Part II, "The Sieve and the Sand." One example is the following: "Poor Millie, he thought. Poor Montag, it's mud to you, too." In this example, Montag is using a metaphor, or a comparison that does not use "like" or "as," to compare his reading, which he does not understand, to mud. He has not been educated to read, so reading is like mud to him. 

Another example of a metaphor is Beatty's description of burning books: "Sit down, Montag. Watch. Delicately, like the petals of a flower. Light the first page, light the second page. Each becomes a black butterfly." Using a metaphor, Beatty compares the burning books to black butterflies, and he uses a simile (a comparison using "like" or "as") to compare the burning books to the petals of a a flower.

Later,  Montag thinks, "Even the smile, he thought, the old burnt-in smile, that's gone. I'm lost without it." He compares his forced smile to a smile that's been burned into a doll, for example, to express that his old smile was fake and forced upon him.

Faber says of Jesus in their society, "He's a regular peppermint stick now, all sugar-crystal and saccharine when he isn't making veiled references to certain commercial products that every worshipper absolutely needs." In other words, God has been subverted in their society and turned into something sweet, like a candy, and without substance. God is used to sell goods and has been hollowed out. 

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Provide a few examples of metaphors from the second part of Ray Bradbury's Fahrenheit 451.

Metaphors are types of figures of speech that compare two unlike things not using the words "like" or "as". They are used by authors to appeal to readers' imaginations in order to make deep connections with the message or theme. They also help to create mental pictures or images in the brain while reading. In Bradbury's Fahrenheit 451, there are many metaphors about fire and books connected to the imagination. Here are a few examples.

Montag imagines Beatty teaching him to burn books and three different metaphors are used to connect the burning pages of books to butterflies, then to cigarettes, and finally to moths. The passage is below as follows:

"'Light the first page, light the second page. Each becomes a black butterfly. Beautiful, eh? Light the third page from the second and so on, chain smoking, chapter by chapter'. . . There sat Beatty, perspiring gently, the floor littered with swarms of black moths that had died in a single storm" (76-77).

The first metaphor compares the burning pages of a book to black butterflies and Beatty sees them as beautiful. Then, by using one page to light another one up, he compares the act to chain smoking and how one might use one cigarette to light another. Finally, from Montag's perspective, the ashes from the burned pages float all around Beatty and the third metaphor refers to them as dead black moths, which brings a not-so-beautiful image to mind.

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