Download PDF PDF Page Citation Cite Share Link Share

Greenberg, Martin Henry, and Joseph D. Olander, eds. Ray Bradbury. New York: Taplinger, 1980 . This collection contains several essays discussing aspects of Fahrenheit 451. Extensive bibliography.

Johnson, Wayne L. Ray Bradbury. New York: Frederick Ungar, 1980. Deals with central themes related to science fiction and fantasy in Bradbury’s works.

Mogen, David. Ray Bradbury. Boston: Twayne, 1986. Provides biographical background as well as analyses of major works. Sees Fahrenheit 451 as satire of the McCarthyism of the 1950’s, as well as a general attack on totalitarianism.

Spencer, Susan. “The Post-Apocalyptic Library: Oral and Literate Culture in Fahrenheit 451 and A Canticle for Leibowitz.” Extrapolation 32, no. 4 (Winter, 1991): 331-342. Contrasts Bradbury’s more positive view of cultural development with the pessimistic historical determinism of Walter Miller’s post-doomsday novel.

Touponce, William F. Ray Bradbury and the Poetics of Reverie: Fantasy, Science Fiction, and the Reader. Ann Arbor: University of Michigan Press, 1984. Applies reader-response theories to Bradbury’s works. Focuses on Fahrenheit 451 as a critique of technological rationalism and the contemporary culture industry.

For Further Reference

Download PDF PDF Page Citation Cite Share Link Share

Greenberg, Martin Harry, and Joseph D. Olander, eds. Ray Bradbury. Writers of the Twenty-First Century Series. New York: Taplinger, 1980. An anthology of critical essays.

Johnson, Wayne L. Ray Bradbury. New York: Frederick Ungar, 1980. A solid introduction to Bradbury's work.

Nolan, William F. The Ray Bradbury Companion. Detroit: Gale, 1975. Fascinating hodgepodge of material gathered together by a fellow author, who was a friend and admirer of Bradbury.

Bibliography and Further Reading

Download PDF PDF Page Citation Cite Share Link Share


Colmer, John. "Science Fiction," in Coleridge to Catch-22. St. Martin's Press, 1978, pp. 197-209.

Guffey, George R. In Coordinates: Placing Science Fiction and Fantasy, edited by George E. Slusser, et al. Southern Illinois University Press, 1983, pp. 99-106.

Johnson, Wayne L. "Machineries of Joy and Sorrow," in Ray Bradbury. Frederick Ungar Publishing Company, 1980, pp. 85-88.

Mogen, David. "Fahrenheit 451," in Ray Bradbury. Twayne Publishers, 1986, pp. 105-112.

Watt, Donald. "Burning Bright: 'Fahrenheit 451' as Symbolic Dystopia," in Ray Bradbury, edited by Martin Harry Greenberg and Joseph D. Olander. Taplinger Publishing Company, 1980, pp. 195-213.

Wolfe, Gary K. "Ray Bradbury," in Concise Dictionary of American Literary Biography, Vol. 5. Gale Research, 1989, pp. 16-32.

Wolfe, Gary K. "Ray Bradbury," in Twentieth Century Science-Fiction Writers, 2nd ed. St. James Press, 1986, pp. 72-75.

Further Reading

Bradbury, Ray. "Introduction" to Fahrenheit 451. Simon and Schuster, 1967, pp. 9-15. Bradbury narrates the history of his book's writing.

Hoskinson, Kevin. "The Martian Chronicles and Fahrenheit 451: Ray Bradbury's Cold War Novels," in Extrapolation, Vol. 36, No. 4, Winter 1995, pp. 345-359. One of Fahrenheit 451's preoccupations is with "majority rule," which to him is the same as censorship. This essay puts that theme from the book into the historical context of the 1950s, when it was written.

Moore, Everett T. A review in the ALA Bulletin, Vol. 55, No. 5, May 1961, pp. 403-4. Moore explores the themes of censorship and conformity in Fahrenheit 451. The article includes material from an interview with Ray Bradbury in which the author ridicules the trend of watering down the classics to make them easily accessible to everyone.

Seed, David. "The Flight from the Good Life: Fahrenheit 451 in the Context of Postwar American Dystopias," in Journal of American Studies, Vol. 28, No. 2, August 1994, pp. 225-240. The characters in Fahrenheit 451 live in a consumer culture which can only work if it keeps them in a controlled environment, inside the house, the car, and the fire station. Once outdoors and away from the media, which defines their secure world, the society loses control of them.

Spencer, Susan. "The Post-Apocalyptic Library: Oral...

(This entire section contains 455 words.)

See This Study Guide Now

Start your 48-hour free trial to unlock this study guide. You'll also get access to more than 30,000 additional guides and more than 350,000 Homework Help questions answered by our experts.

Get 48 Hours Free Access

and Literate Culture inFahrenheit 451 and A Canticle for Leibowitz," in Extrapolation, ol. 32, noN. 4, Winter 1991, pp. 331-342. This critic explores the idea in Ray Bradbury's novel that written books replace the ability to remember. Those like Captain Beatty with access to literature, as opposed to rule books and comics, have power over the lives of others.

Zipes, Jack. "Mass Degradation of Humanity and Massive Contradictions in Bradbury's Vision of America in Fahrenheit 451," in No Place Else: Explorations in Utopian and Dystopian Fiction, edited by Eric S. Rabkin, Martin H. Greenberg, and Joseph D. Olander. Southern Illinois University Press, 1983, pp. 182-199. This essay attempts to justify apparent ironies and contradictions in the novel by describing how it fits into the time in which it was written.

Media Adaptations

Download PDF PDF Page Citation Cite Share Link Share

  • Fahrenheit 451 was adapted as a film by the French director Francois Truffaut in 1966. It starred Oskar Werner as Montag, Cyril Cusak as Captain Beatty, and Julie Christie played the dual roles of Clarisse McClellan and Mildred Montag. It is available as a video through MCA/Universal Home Video.
  • A musical production of Fahrenheit 451 opened at the Colony Theater in Los Angeles in 1979.
  • Fahrenheit 451 has also been produced as a sound recording by Books On Tape in 1988 and by Recorded Books in 1982. Michael Prichard reads the 1988 version and Alexander Spencer the 1982 version.
  • Georgia Holof and David Mettere adapted the book as an opera. It was produced at the Indiana Civic Theater in Fort Wayne in November of 1988.

Historical and Social Context