(Contemporary Literary Criticism)

Johnson, Eyvind 1900–1976

Johnson was a Swedish novelist and short story writer who wrote political and historical novels. He reached prominence in Sweden after publication of his autobiographical tetralogy, Romanen om Olof, in which he employed interior monologue similar to that used by Joyce. He is best known to English-speaking audiences for his Return to Ithaca, a modern recapitulation of The Odyssey. Johnson received the Nobel Prize for Literature in 1974 along with his fellow countryman Harry Martinson. (See also Contemporary Authors, Vols. 73-76; obituary, Vols. 69-72.)