Exile in Literature Criticism: German Literature In Exile - Essay

Wm. K. Pfeiler (essay date 1957)

(Twentieth-Century Literary Criticism)

SOURCE: Pfeiler, Wm. K. “German Literature outside the Third Reich.” In German Literature in Exile: The Concern of the Poets, pp. 3-23. Lincoln: University of Nebraska Press, 1957.

[In the following excerpt, Pfeiler examines the circumstances that led to the creation of a German literature in exile and comments on some of its main characteristics and figures.]

The unprecedented political upheaval following Hitler's assumption of power, specifically after the Reichstag fire in February, 1933, manifested itself to Germany's neighbors dramatically by the early exodus of tens of thousands of people who, for “racial” reasons or political nonconformity, thought it...

(The entire section is 10900 words.)

Thomas A. Kamla (essay date 1975)

(Twentieth-Century Literary Criticism)

SOURCE: Kamla, Thomas A. “Konrad Merz: Ein Mensch fällt aus Deutschland—The ‘Inner’ and ‘Outer’ Exile of Youth.” In Confrontation with Exile: Studies in the German Novel, pp. 35-44. Bern: Herbert Lang/Frankfurt: Peter Lang, 1975.

[In the following excerpt, Kamla focuses on the ideas and career of Konrad Merz, an anti-fascist novelist who left Germany to write in exile.]

Konrad Merz numbers among the younger writers who made their literary debut in exile. Written shortly after his flight to Holland in 1934, Ein Mensch fällt aus Deutschland (1936), an epistolary novel, describes the traumatic experiences of the uprooted emigrant who attempts...

(The entire section is 5419 words.)

Egbert Krispyn (essay date 1978)

(Twentieth-Century Literary Criticism)

SOURCE: Krispyn, Egbert. “A Year of Decision.” In Anti-Nazi Writers in Exile, pp. 45-58. Athens: University of Georgia Press, 1978.

[In the following excerpt, Krispyn analyzes the political and social climate of Germany in 1935-36, commenting on why such writers as Thomas Mann and Arthur Koestler chose to continue writing in exile.]

While the emigrants were arguing among themselves about the true nature of exile literature and its contribution to the antifascist cause, Hitler pressed forward relentlessly with his political battle plan for the stabilization and expansion of his power. His first objective was the Saar territory which since the end of World War I had...

(The entire section is 4920 words.)

Günter Berghaus (essay date 1989)

(Twentieth-Century Literary Criticism)

SOURCE: Berghaus, Günter, “Producing Art in Exile: Perspectives on the German Refugees' Creative Activities in Great Britain.” In Theatre and Film in Exile: German Artists in Britain, 1933-1945, edited by Günter Berghaus. Oxford: Oswald Wolff Books, Berg Publishers, 1989.

[In the following essay, Berghaus traces the contributions of noted German artists living in exile in Great Britain after 1933.]

Following Hitler's appointment as Chancellor on 30 January 1933 a number of laws were passed which enabled the Nazis to assume total control over the German population: a Law for the Reconstruction of the Civil Service (7 April), a Denationalization Decree (14 July), a...

(The entire section is 13635 words.)