Form and Content

(Masterpieces of Women's Literature)

Everything That Rises Must Converge is a gathering of Flannery O’Connor’s short stories written between 1956 and 1964 which had not been previously published in book form. It includes the title story and eight others. The story “Everything That Rises Must Converge” is one of O’Connor’s best, and it remains one of her most-anthologized stories. The title is a quotation from Catholic theologian Pierre Teilhard de Chardin, who imagined an “omega point” at which the “rising” or evolving human being would meet God. By analogy, people of the lower classes who “rise” socially must inevitably “meet” with the higher. To Mrs. Chestny in the story, Southern blacks “should rise, yes, but on their own side of the fence.” Her liberal son Julian tries to “teach her a lesson” about her prejudice, but it becomes clear that his overtures to a black man on the bus are motivated by scorn for his mother, not genuine sympathy.

Mrs. Chestny’s striving to set herself above and apart from perceived inferiors is a common trait in O’Connor’s characters, seen also in the protagonist of “Greenleaf,” Mrs. May. Mrs. May looks down on the family of her farmhand, Mr. Greenleaf, even though the Greenleaf boys have done more to better themselves than have her own two boys. The characteristic O’Connor shock ending comes when Mrs. May, frustrated by Greenleaf’s reluctance to remove a “scrub” bull that has wandered into her herd, tries to do so herself and is fatally gored.

In the third story, “A View of the Woods,” the aptly named Mr. Fortune, another O’Connor protagonist who sets himself above others, sells the front lawn with its “View of the Woods” from under his son-in-law Pitts, whom he thinks unworthy of his daughter. The sale...

(The entire section is 735 words.)