Describe the plot development in "Everyday Use" by Alice Walker.

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"Everyday Use" by Alice Walker presents three characters in turmoil.  Mama or Mrs. Johnson narrates the story concerning her daughters and the interaction amid the family.  Her oldest daughter Dee is coming for a visit after being away at school.  The other daughter Maggie, who is crippled,  lives with her mother.  Much of the story is Mama's recollection of events that have brought the family to the day of this visit. 

The breakdown of the plot---

Initial Event---

Maggie and Mama wait in the yard for Dee to arrive.  Both of them are nervous because they perceive Dee as better than they are although no one voices that opinion. 

From Mama's information, the reader learns that Dee was never happy at home.  Maggie was burned in a home fire. Dee seems to look down at Maggie and her mother.  The church paid for Dee to go to college. 

It is also evident that Mama is proud of Dee and her intelligence and looks. 

Rising Action--

Dee arrives with her boyfriend wearing an "African outfit" and sporting gold earrings.  She has changed her name to an African name Wangero.  Dee was named after her grandmother, so to drop the name was to drop part of her heritage.  To Mama, Wangero says that "Dee" is dead.

They eat a home cooked mean together. 


Mama finally realizes that Dee has come back for more than just a visit.  She wants to have some of the things that have been made or used in the family for generations.  When Mama discovers that Dee merely wants to use them as decorations to prove her African heritage, Mama does not like the idea.  

Finally, when Dee wants the homemade quilts that the Grandmother Dee and she made, Mama tells her "no" for the first time.  She has promised the quilts to Maggie, and they are hers.  Dee makes the remark that Maggie will ruin them by using them everyday. 

Falling Action---

Maggie offers to give the quilts to Dee.  However, Mama will not allow Dee to take part of her family legacy just to show off and decorate her apartment. If she ruins them, they will make more.

Maggie remembers when the quilts were made, and the importance of them to the family. 


Dee angrily gathers herself and tells Maggie that she needs to learn about her heritage. She also advises her to make something of herself. 

When Mama looks at Maggie and realizes that this daughter is the one who needs her and loves her,  she realizes that Maggie appreciates her mother and the real family heritage.  The story ends with the mother for the first time showing Maggie affection.  The two of them sit down in the front yard and begin to dip snuff.  

The story suggests that looking for a person's heritage should begin at home with the family from which a person comes. Black heritage does go back to Africa, but most of the black families can find their heritage back to the slave days.  Begin with the family first and then go beyond. 

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