Style and Technique

(Comprehensive Guide to Short Stories, Critical Edition)

Faulkner deploys more narrative resources in developing his themes than any other American writer. The effect of his stories is a function of his way of telling them; therefore, no summary of action or theme can do them justice.

In “That Evening Sun,” Faulkner uses a retrospective point of view. Quentin, the oldest of the three children, relates events of fifteen years earlier. Between 1915 and 1930, as he observes at the beginning, much has changed in Jefferson, the seat of Faulkner’s mythical Mississippi county. Shade trees have yielded to electric poles and wires, unpaved streets to asphalt, and black women lightly bearing laundry bundles on their heads to black women at the same task in automobiles. Immediately the author establishes the distance between the time of the action and that of the telling. By the absence of any comment on changes in attitudes and by Quentin’s matter-of-fact tone, Faulkner implies the lack of any humane compensations for the loss of the old rhythms of small-town life.

The retrospective method also allows Quentin latitude for necessary exposition of facts that as a child he could not have understood, while at the same time the narrator can attempt to achieve immediacy and vividness by reporting recollections of an experience from his tenth year. When he focuses on the scenes that he witnessed with his brother and sister, Quentin’s narrative becomes childlike in its language and sentence rhythms, as if he is striving to replicate the perceptions of fifteen years ago. Thus Faulkner achieves an unusual blend...

(The entire section is 642 words.)

Historical Context

(Short Stories for Students)

New Kinds of Narration
‘‘That Evening Sun’’ is an example of the different kinds of narration that writers...

(The entire section is 453 words.)

Literary Style

(Short Stories for Students)

Point of View and Narration
Quentin Compson, one of Faulkner's most memorable characters, narrates the story. In the...

(The entire section is 704 words.)

Compare and Contrast

(Short Stories for Students)

1898: In the South, black people are prevented from voting, and white people can physically attack black people with little...

(The entire section is 241 words.)

Topics for Further Study

(Short Stories for Students)

Do research about daily life in the South at the turn of the century. The story talks about people having telephones in their houses—when...

(The entire section is 211 words.)

What Do I Read Next?

(Short Stories for Students)

"That Evening Sun’’ by William Faulkner is included in The Collected Stories of William...

(The entire section is 373 words.)

Bibliography and Further Reading

(Short Stories for Students)

Sources
Brooks, Cleanth, William Faulkner: The Yoknapatawpha Country, Yale University Press, 1963.

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Bibliography

(Comprehensive Guide to Short Stories, Critical Edition)

Blotner, Joseph. Faulkner: A Biography. 2 vols. New York: Random House, 1974.

Brooks, Cleanth. William Faulkner: The Yoknapatawpha Country. New Haven, Conn.: Yale University Press, 1963.

Gray, Richard. The Life of William Faulkner: A Critical Biography. Oxford, England: Blackwell, 1994.

Hoffman, Frederick, and Olga W. Vickery, eds. William Faulkner: Three Decades of Criticism. New York: Harcourt, Brace, 1960.

Inge, M. Thomas, ed. Conversations with William Faulkner. Jackson: University Press of Mississippi, 1999.

Labatt, Blair. Faulkner the Storyteller. Tuscaloosa: University of Alabama Press, 2005.

The Mississippi Quarterly 50 (Summer, 1997).

Parini, Jay. One Matchless Time: A Life of William Faulkner. New York: HarperCollins, 2004.

Peek, Charles A., and Robert W. Hamblin, eds. A Companion to Faulkner Studies. Westport, Conn.: Greenwood Press, 2004.

Rovit, Earl, and Arthur Waldhorn, eds. Hemingway and Faulkner in Their Time. New York: Continuum, 2005.

Singal, Daniel J. William Faulkner: The Making of a Modernist. Chapel Hill: University of North Carolina Press, 1997.

Vickery, Olga W. The Novels of William Faulkner. Baton Rouge: Louisiana State University Press, 1959.

Volpe, Edmond L. A Reader’s Guide to William Faulkner: The Novels. Syracuse, N.Y.: Syracuse University Press, 2003.

Volpe, Edmond L. A Reader’s Guide to William Faulkner: The Short Stories. Syracuse, N.Y.: Syracuse University Press, 2004.

Williamson, Joel. William Faulkner and Southern History. New York: Oxford University Press, 1993.