Robert F. Berkhofer, Jr. (essay date 1978)
SOURCE: Berkhofer, Robert F., Jr. “French and English Terms and Images.” In The White Man's Indian: Images of the American Indian from Columbus to the Present, pp. 12-22. New York: Alfred A. Knopf, 1978.
[In the following excerpt, Berkhofer discusses terminology the French and English used to categorize Native Americans—most notably the English tendency to label natives as “savages”—and how such categorization reflected European conceptions of Christianity and civilization.]
To what extent … conceptions bequeathed by the Spanish to other Europeans became the preconceptions of the French and English in their subsequent contact with Native Americans is...
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