Eupolis (YEW-puh-luhs) first competed as a comic playwright at the young age of sixteen, in 429 b.c.e. He won in dramatic competition several times with the nearly twenty plays he wrote. No complete play survives, but a number of fragments do, including some lengthy ones. In the Demes (after 418 b.c.e.; precincts), famous Athenian leaders from the past, including Solon and Pericles, are recalled from the dead to restore Athens to its glory. In Cities (c. 420 b.c.e.; cities), Athens’ imperial subjects are personified, apparently in an appeal for more lenient treatment for them. Controversy surrounds his Maricas (421 b.c.e.; maricas), which attacked the Athenian politician Hyperbolus extensively. Aristophanes charged Eupolis with stealing the idea from his own Hippīs (424 b.c.e.; The Knights, 1812), but Eupolis claimed he had, in fact, helped Aristophanes first. Fanciful stories abound about Eupolis’s death, some involving his play Baptae (after 424 b.c.e.; dippers), which mocked Alcibiades of Athens. Evidence does suggest he died relatively young, probably in his thirties.