Other Literary Forms

(Literary Essentials: Great Poems of the World)

As the leading theoretician of concrete poetry in Europe, Eugen Gomringer has also published essays, manifestos, and lectures, including the important and provocatively titled Poesie als Mittel der Umweltgestaltung (poetry as a means of shaping the environment). In addition, most of his theoretical texts were reprinted in his best-known collection of poems, Worte sind Schatten. Gomringer has also promoted the school of concrete poetry as an editor of journals and collections. In 1953, he cofounded the journal Spirale and served as the editor of its literary section. In 1960, he founded the Eugen Gomringer Press in Frauenfeld, Switzerland, serving as the editor for eleven issues of the journal Konkrete Poesie/Poesia concreta, which was published in Frauenfeld from 1960 to 1964. Gomringer has always been fascinated by nonrepresentational painters and artists whose “concrete” works he sees as being intimately connected to his own; in 1958, he edited a collection of essays in honor of the fiftieth birthday of sculptor, designer, and abstract painter Max Bill, and in 1968, he published monographs on the works of Josef Albers and Camille Graeser. He also collaborated with artists on books with “concrete” artistic themes.