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How does gothic writing like Frankenstein and Dracula explore the powerlessness of humanity facing the supernatural?

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Your first issue in approaching such an assignment will be making your thesis in some way fit the texts. Mary Shelley's Frankenstein, although it has many Gothic elements, does not deal with the supernatural per se, but is rather a science fiction novel, in the sense that the monster is created through scientific processes (electricity). In the case of Dracula, in Stoker's novel, the humans eventually do triumph over and kill the vampire. Thus I think what you might do is say that although many Gothic novels such as The Monk and The Castle of Otranto do have supernatural elements, many of the classics of Gothic literature actually go against the grain of supernaturalism and show the power of rationality.

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