The Epic of Gilgamesh Additional Characters


Gilgamesh's "second self and faithful companion. Arruru fashions Enkidu out of clay in the image of Anu. Enkidu is a "wild," primitive, or...

(The entire section is 260 words.)


The protagonist or main character of the Epic of Gilgamesh. An historical figure who ruled Uruk around 2700 B.C., Gilgamesh is the child of...

(The entire section is 612 words.)


Favored by the god Ea, Utnapishtim is warned of Enlil's plan to destroy humanity through a flood. Utnapishtim, at Ea's command, builds a huge...

(The entire section is 252 words.)

Other Characters

The storm god, who endows Gilgamesh with courage at his birth.

Wife of Anu, the sky god or...

(The entire section is 1538 words.)

Character Bibliography

Damrosch, David. The Buried Book: The Loss and Rediscovery of the Great Epic of Gilgamesh. New York: H. Holt, 2007. An absorbing rendition of the origination and later discovery of the epic.

Gardner, John, and John Maier, trans. Gilgamesh. New York: Vintage Books, 1985. Each column of the actual tablets is translated, then supplemented by numerous parallel texts. An appendix analyzes the tablets in more detail, demonstrating the extreme difficulty of establishing any single version of Gilgamesh.

Heidel, Alexander. The Gilgamesh Epic and Old Testament Parallels. 2d ed. Chicago: University of Chicago Press, 1963. The first, and still the...

(The entire section is 292 words.)