English Romantic Hellenism Further Reading - Essay

Further Reading

(Nineteenth-Century Literary Criticism)

Arnold, Matthew. "Hebraism and Hellenism." In Culture and Anarchy: An Essay in Political and Social Criticism, pp. 109-27. New York: Macmillan and Co., 1883.

Discusses Hebraism and Hellenism as forces or influences that need to be balanced in English society in order to ensure the stability of the state. Arnold equates Hebraism with religious authority and moral conduct and stresses the overly Hebraic nature of England, maintaining that the influences of Greek philosophy and art (Hellenism) are required to rectify this imbalance. Arnold's views on the subject reflect a debate in later-nineteenth-century England that was becoming increasingly racial in tone, pitting Aryan against Semite, due in part to a reaction to the growing Jewish population in nineteenth-century England.

Chislett, William, Jr. "The Romantic Revolt." In The Classical Influence in English Literature in the Nineteenth Century, pp. 8-10. Boston: The Stratford Co., 1918.

Provides a brief list of nineteenth-century poets who were inspired by Grecian themes.

Clarke, G. W., ed. Rediscovering Hellenism: The Hellenic Inheritance and the English Imagination. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press, 1989, 264 p.

A collection of essays discussing the various ways in which Greek philosophy, literature, and art influenced English society and culture during the nineteenth century.

Le Comte, Edward S. Endymion in England: The Literary History of A Greek Myth. New York: King's Crown Press, 1944, 189 p.

Traces the course and influence of the Greek myth of Endymion in English literature, ending with a discussion of Keats's treatment of the myth.

Stern, Bernard Herbert. The Rise of Romantic Hellenism in English Literature, 1732-1786. Menasha, Wisc.: George Banta Publishing Co., 1940, 182 p.

Studies the development of romantic Hellenism in the eighteenth century, including the influences of increased interest in Greek archaeology and renewed interest in Eastern travel and in travel literature.

Stevenson, Warren. "Hebraism and Hellenism in the Poetry of Byron." In Byron, the Bible, and Religion: Essays from the Twelfth International Byron Seminar, edited by Wolf Z. Hirst, pp. 136-52. Newark: University of Delaware Press, 1991.

Analyzes literary evidence in an attempt to determine whether Byron was essentially a Hebraist or a Hellenist.