Characters Discussed

(Great Characters in Literature)


Hamm, a man who is blind and unable to walk. He appears to be middle-aged, and he sits in an armchair mounted on castors, parked in the middle of the stage. He wears a dressing gown, a brimless hat, and a pair of dark glasses. A whistle hangs from his neck, a blanket covers his knees, and thick socks swathe his feet. At the beginning of the play, his red face is covered with a large, blood-stained handkerchief, which, he explains, stanches the flow dripping from a hole in his head, a wound that makes him dependent on painkillers. Hamm dominates his parents and his servant Clov, to whom he issues arbitrary and contradictory orders. Whenever Clov becomes frustrated and threatens to leave, Hamm entices him to stay by provoking conversation. Hamm considers himself a storyteller and a poet, and, in the course of the play, he composes part of his autobiography.


Clov, Hamm’s servant and possibly his adopted son. A younger man than his employer, Clov cannot sit down, and he walks stiffly because of the pain in his legs. He shares Hamm’s red complexion, and he acts as a codependent to Hamm’s capricious addict’s behavior. Clov makes up for his employer’s deficiencies by acting as Hamm’s eyes and legs, caring for Nagg and Nell, and cleaning up the room where they all live. He grudgingly obeys all of Hamm’s orders, and although he feels resentful and victimized by his situation, he feels helpless to leave...

(The entire section is 426 words.)


(Drama for Students)

Clov is Hamm’s servant, and he follows his master’s wishes, despite being treated horribly. Crippled but not...

(The entire section is 280 words.)