Enamels and Cameos Additional Summary

Théophile Gautier


(Critical Survey of Literature for Students)

Further Reading

Bénichou, Paul. The Consecration of the Writer, 1750-1830. Translated by Mark K. Jensen. Lincoln: University of Nebraska Press, 1999. This study of French Romantic literature focuses on the period after the French Revolution, when writers no longer represented political or religious powers and became spiritual authorities in their own right. Gautier and other poets from the 1830’s are discussed in chapter 9, “1830 and the Jeune France.”

Coward, David. A History of French Literature: From Chanson de Geste to Cinema. Malden, Mass.: Blackwell, 2002. Includes a section on nineteenth century poetry with information on Gautier and other poets. Places Gautier in a broader literary context.

Cutler, Maxine. Evocations of the Eighteenth Century in French Poetry, 1800-1869. Geneva: Librairie Droz, 1970. Examines ten of Gautier’s poems to reveal how he relied on both the poetic tradition and a sense of the immediate past as stimuli for his work.

Dillingham, Louise. The Creative Imagination of Théophile Gautier: A Study in Literary Psychology. Princeton, N.J.: Princeton University Press, 1927. Provides a psychological explanation for the production of Gautier’s works, including the poems. Useful for understanding the unconscious sources of the poet’s imagination.

Grant, Richard B. Théophile Gautier. Boston: Twayne, 1975. Introductory study aimed at providing an understanding of Gautier’s work to general readers. A chapter on Enamels and Cameos discusses Gautier’s vision of art as he expressed it in these poems; it also comments on structure and theme.

Majewski, Henry F. “Painting into Text: Theophile Gautier’s Artistic Screen.” Romance Quarterly 47, no. 2 (Spring, 2000): 84. Examines the relationship of painting to Gautier’s poetry, discussing how he describes artworks and the role of paintings in poems from Enamels and Cameos and other collections. Excerpts from the poems are provided in French, without English translation.

Richardson, Joanna. Théophile Gautier: His Life and Times. London: Max Reinhardt, 1958. Comprehensive biography of the writer. Comments on the publication of Enamels and Cameos and discusses its place in Gautier’s canon. Also explores the diversity of ideas expressed in the poems that make up the volume.

Tennant, P. E. Théophile Gautier. London: Athlone Press, 1975. General introduction to the writer’s works. Devotes part of a chapter to a discussion of Enamels and Cameos. Praises the variety of the collection, calling it “the melting pot of so many literary and artistic trends.”