1. When the story opens, how old is Emma?
2. Why isn’t she married?
3. What are the Woodhouses’ feelings on the day of Miss Taylor’s wedding?
4. Who did Miss Taylor marry?
5. What social position do the Woodhouses occupy in High¬bury?
6. Why doesn’t Mr. Woodhouse think they will ever see Miss Taylor again?
7. What is Mr. Knightley’s connection to the Woodhouses?
8. How does Mr. Knightley think the Woodhouses regard Miss Taylor’s marriage?
9. Why does Mr. Knightley question Emma’s claims that she made the match herself?
10. What does he think of her plans to match Mr. Elton with a wife?
1. At twenty-one, Emma is of marriageable age and has excellent prospects because she is “handsome, clever, and rich with a comfortable home and happy disposition.”
2. Emma’s mother died when she was five, and her sister has married and moved to London, leaving her the mistress of Hartfield. She has made a promise to her father that she will not marry.
3. Emma misses Miss Taylor. She took her mother’s place and raised her, schooled her, and for the last seven years, had been a dear companion and friend. Mr. Woodhouse doesn’t like change of any sort, and matrimony, the “origin of change, was always disagreeable.”
4. Mr. Weston, a widower of “suitable age...
(The entire section is 411 words.)
1. How had Mr. and Mrs. Churchill acquired a son?
2. How had Mr. Weston acquired Randalls?
3. How had Frank been brought up?
4. Why did the townspeople of Highbury believe a visit from Frank Churchill was imminent?
5. Why had Mrs. Weston formed a very favorable idea of Frank?
6. What is Miss Taylor’s attitude about the separation of her and Emma?
7. What is Mr. Woodhouse’s reaction to the separation?
8. How do the townspeople tease Mr. Woodhouse?
9. Who is Mr. Perry?
10. What character trait of Mr. Woodhouse is apparent from the last two paragraphs of this chapter?
1. Upon Mrs. Churchill’s death, her brother and sister-in-law, having no children of their own, offered to take over Frank Weston’s upbringing. This was the source of a reconciliation of sorts between Mr. Weston and the Churchills.
2. Upon leaving the militia, Mr. Weston took up a trade and saved enough over the next twenty years to purchase a little estate. He thought Randalls was a suitable house for himself and a wife.
3. The Churchills wealth afforded Frank all the privileges of their class.
4. Now that his father had remarried, the townspeople are sure he will do the proper thing and pay his new mother a visit. Their hopes were strengthened when he wrote her a fine letter welcoming her to...
(The entire section is 416 words.)
1. Why did everyone who knew Miss Bates respect her?
2. How is Mrs. Goddard’s school regarded?
3. What is Harriet Smith’s background?
4. What convinces Emma that Harriet is worthy of her efforts?
5. How are the Martins connected to Mr. Knightley?
6. What are some assumptions that Emma makes about Mr. Martin?
7. What does Emma think of farmers in general?
8. How does Emma debunk Mr. Martin?
9. What does Mr. Knightley reveal about Emma’s education?
10. Why does Mr. Knightley say he is interested in Emma?
1. Though the daughter of the former vicar of Highbury was neither rich, clever, nor handsome, she was sweet-tempered and interested in everyone’s well-being. She has earned respect.
2. Her boarding school is valued because girls from modest families could go there to improve themselves a little for a reasonable price. It is not an upper crust school.
3. Her parentage is unknown to her and not a source of particular interest, though it is to Emma.
4. Harriet is obviously taken with everything about Hartfield and Emma. This shows Emma that Harriet has good sense and must be developed and encouraged.
5. They rent a farm from him that is located on the estate of Donwell Abbey. Though Emma knows Mr. Knightley thinks highly of them, that doesn’t...
(The entire section is 403 words.)
1. What stands out about Emma’s portfolio of paintings?
2. From this, what is revealed about Emma?
3. What decisions are made about Harriet’s portrait?
4. Why doesn’t Mr. Woodhouse want the background to be out of doors?
5. What convinces Emma that Mr. Elton must be in love with Harriet?
6. How does Emma downplay the letter Mr. Martin sends Harriet?
7. How does Harriet react to Emma’s manipulating her emotions toward Mr. Martin?
8. What small compliment does Mr. Knightley offer Emma?
9. What does Mr. Knightley think of Mr. Martin?
10. Why is Mr. Knightley confident that Mr. Elton will not choose Harriet?
1. Though full of numerous portraits of friends and family, not one of them had been finished.
2. Emma had attempted both art and music and showed spirit and talent for both, but she lacks discipline.
3. Though she’s never finished a portrait, Emma announces that this one will be a watercolor and have a place of honor over the mantelpiece.
4. He thinks it will make the viewer uneasy that she might catch cold.
5. Though he seems too grateful to be running off to London to frame Emma’s painting, Emma convinces herself that he must be in love with Harriet because she is the subject of the portrait.
6. Emma is touched by the straightforward sentiment in the letter, but she hides this from Harriet and suggests that his sister must have helped him write it because the man she saw is too coarse and classless to have composed it himself.
7. She hesitates, blushes, turns away, and twists the letter in her hand. All of these Emma takes as symbols of her doubts about Mr. Martin and secret affection for Mr. Elton.
8. He knows Emma is fishing for compliments about how she is improving Harriet and says that Emma cured her of her school girl giggles.
9. He proclaims him an excellent young man, both as son and brother. He says that Mr. Martin possesses true gentility.
10. He tells her that though Elton may talk sentimentally, he has the good sense not to marry someone without any money. Besides, Elton has made references to a family of young women he admires who all have impressive inheritances.
1. What becomes of Emma’s intention to improve Harriet’s mind?
2. What new scheme does Emma devise to get Harriet and Mr. Elton together?
3. When Mr. Elton sends a riddle, what conditions does he put on it?
4. Why is Mr. Woodhouse convinced that Emma wrote the riddle?
5. How does Emma respond when Harriet wonders why Emma isn’t married?
6. How next does Emma contrive to get Harriet and Mr. Elton together?
7. What ruse does Emma use once they are in Mr. Elton’s house?
8. How is Isabella Knightley portrayed?
9. How is John Knightley portrayed?
10. How does John Knightley show insight?
1. With Emma focusing all her energies on pairing up Harriet and Mr. Elton, their reading never gets past the first few chapters of any book.
2. Emma asks him to contribute “enigmas, charades, or conundrums” to help her and Harriet write a riddle.
3. He sends it under the pretense that it is from a friend, and that it is “not for Miss Smith’s collection,” but rather to be viewed by Emma privately. She immediately gives it to Harriet.
4. Just after Harriet vows to keep the riddle a secret, Emma reads it to her father with her own interpretations. She so dominates the work, Mr. Woodhouse thinks she wrote it.
5. Emma assures Harriet that she has everything she...
(The entire section is 435 words.)
1. What does Emma do to soften Mr. Knightley’s attitude toward her when he comes to their house?
2. How much older is Mr. Knightley than Emma?
3. Why was Mr. Woodhouse especially agitated by his son-in-law’s harsh words about Mr. Perry?
4. Why did Harriet wish to return to her boarding school when she became ill?
5. How does John Knightley characterize Mr. Elton?
6. Why does Emma feel drawn to Frank Churchill?
7. How does Mrs. Weston characterize Mrs. Churchill?
8. How does Mr. Elton characterize Emma?
9. Why is Emma so concerned when Mr. Elton joins her in the carriage?
10. What makes their tête-à-tête even more awkward?
1. She takes her baby niece and bounces her on her knee, certain that Mr. Knightley would be moved by such a domestic picture.
2. He is sixteen years her senior and uses that fact to suggest that his experience gives him superior judgment.
3. He had been unconsciously attributing opinions and health theories to Mr. Perry that were, in fact, his own.
4. She wants to be taken care of by Mrs. Goddard, though Emma takes advantage of this opportunity to visit her and reassure her that Mr. Elton will be depressed when he learns she won’t be able to attend the party.
5. When they are alone, he tells her that Mr. Elton is a rational and unaffected man, except when there are ladies present and he tends to lose control.
6. Though she has vowed never to marry, the idea of Frank Churchill appeals to her. She judges him her equal in age, class, and character, though she has never met him.
7. She confides to Emma and Isabella that Mrs. Churchill rules over everyone at their estate of Enscombe, and she is an “odd-tempered woman.”
8. He tells Mrs. Weston how selfless Emma is in thinking only of Harriet’s health and his own, without concern for hers.
9. She dreads being alone with him because he has been drinking and is certain he will talk nonsense.
10. Her father is so concerned about the light dusting of snow on the ground, he has instructed the coachman to drive at a snail’s pace, giving them even more time alone.
1. Where does Emma give the Knightley brothers credit?
2. How does Emma convince herself not to feel anything for Mr. Elton’s open declaration of love for her?
3. What relapse does Emma suffer immediately after swearing off involvement with Harriet’s romantic life?
4. Why is Emma surprised at the contents of Mr. Elton’s note?
5. What does Emma think her father will say to this obvious omission?
6. How do Harriet’s tears affect Emma?
7. What is Emma’s promise to Harriet?
8. What further increases Emma’s discomfort at having been wrong about Mr. Elton’s affections?
9. Why does Mr. Knightley think...
(The entire section is 458 words.)
1. Why doesn’t Emma visit Mrs. and Miss Bates more often?
2. Why does the visit backfire?
3. What catches Emma’s attention most while Miss Bates is speaking?
4. What fuels her suspicions?
5. At age eighteen, Jane is ready to make her way in the world as a governess; why hasn’t she?
6. Why does Mr. Knightley think Emma does not like Jane?
7. How does Emma try to coax Jane Fairfax into gossiping with her?
8. Why is Mr. Woodhouse certain that Jane Fairfax spent a pleasant evening?
9. How does Mr. Knightley turn that assumption to his advantage?
10. How does Mr. Martin show his regard for...
(The entire section is 375 words.)
1. What was Mr. Elton’s attitude upon returning to Highbury?
2. How long after Mr. Elton had been introduced to Augusta Hawkins did he propose?
3. What does Emma think of the intended bride of Mr. Elton?
4. What was contained in the note that Elizabeth Martin wrote to Harriet?
5. Why does Harriet lack the heart for a visit to the Martins?
6. How long does Emma decide Harriet shall stay at the Martin farm?
7. Why does Emma regret the Martin’s rank?
8. How does Frank Churchill go overboard in praising Mrs. Weston?
9. Why does Emma think Mr. Knightley is wrong about Frank Churchill?
10. Why does...
(The entire section is 485 words.)
1. What is Mrs. Weston’s reaction to Frank’s going to London to get his hair cut?
2. What is Mr. Knightley’s reaction?
3. What is Emma’s reaction?
4. Who are the Coles?
5. Why is Emma sorry to have received an invitation to their party?
6. What changes her mind about going?
7. Why is Emma pleased to see Mr. Knightley’s coach in front of her on the road to the Cole house?
8. How does Mrs. Cole evidence good manners?
9. What does Emma discover was the real reason for Mr. Knightley bringing his carriage?
10. Who does Mrs. Weston guess might have sent the pianoforte?
(The entire section is 406 words.)
1. Why isn’t Emma satisfied with Harriet’s praise for her musicianship?
2. Why does Frank think he shouldn’t go to the Bates’ house to view the pianoforte?
3. How is Mr. Woodhouse’s name brought into Miss Bates’ monologue?
4. What does Emma notice that alters her opinion of Jane Fairfax?
5. Why does Frank say he wants to hold another ball?
6. What does Emma perceive about Frank’s nature when they are sizing up the rooms at Randalls?
7. How does Frank assure Mr. Woodhouse that no one will catch cold at the Crown Inn?
8. What does Mr. Woodhouse think of Frank?
9. Why does Emma protest calling in...
(The entire section is 512 words.)
1. Why is Emma certain that Mr. Knightley doesn’t love Jane Fairfax?
2. Why does Frank say his mother is ill?
3. What does Emma learn about Frank’s visit to the Bates’ house?
4. What statement of Frank’s almost cuts through the layers of politeness he normally displays?
5. What does Emma think Frank is about to reveal before Mr. Weston and Mr. Woodhouse come into the room?
6. How does Emma interpret Frank’s remarks about her?
7. What does Emma tell Harriet to do?
8. How does Emma justify her friendship with Harriet?
9. How does Emma justify her father’s behavior?
10. What is Emma...
(The entire section is 476 words.)
1. What is Harriet’s assurance to Emma upon leaving the Eltons’ for the first time?
2. What is a barouche-landau?
3. How does Mrs. Elton correct Emma?
4. What is Emma surprised to hear from Mrs. Elton about Mr. Knightley?
5. Why does Emma tell her father it was acceptable for him not to have paid the Eltons a courtesy call?
6. What is Mr. Elton’s apparent reaction to his wife?
7. How does Mrs. Elton’s behavior toward Emma change?
8. Why does Emma think Jane might have declined Mrs. Dixon’s invitation to Ireland?
9. Why does Mrs. Weston think Jane has become friendly with the Eltons?
(The entire section is 499 words.)
1. Why is Emma relieved Harriet declines her dinner invitation?
2. Why does Emma think Jane will never like her?
3. Why does Jane decline Mrs. Elton’s offer?
4. Why does Emma take Jane’s arm to go into dinner?
5. How does Jane respond to Mrs. Elton’s suggestion that she secure a position with a family of means?
6. How does Mrs. Elton treat Mr. Woodhouse?
7. Why is John Knightley surprised that Mr. Weston would show up so late in the evening?
8. Where is Enscombe?
9. Why does Mr. Weston say that Mrs. Churchill has no claims on arrogance?
10. Why does John Knightley think his boys might be in...
(The entire section is 571 words.)
1. What is Emma’s reaction to the news of Frank Churchill’s return to Highbury?
2. Why is Mr. Weston especially thrilled that the Churchill family is moving closer to Highbury?
3. What fault does Emma find with Mr. Weston?
4. Why does Mrs. Elton demand that Frank Churchill be her partner?
5. What does Emma notice about Frank’s behavior?
6. What does Emma observe about Mr. Knightley?
7. What can be inferred from Mr. Elton’s behavior?
8. Why does Emma say it would be proper for Isabella and John to dance together?
9. Why couldn’t Harriet escape the encroaching gypsies?
10. How did Frank...
(The entire section is 593 words.)
1. Why was Emma ashamed at the sight of the court plaister?
2. Why does Emma think Harriet shouldn’t throw out both mementos?
3. Why is the name of the someone Emma and Harriet speak of never mentioned?
4. Why does Frank say he dreamed about Mr. Perry’s new carriage?
5. What does Miss Bates reveal in her monologue?
6. What was the first word that Frank scrambled?
7. How does Jane stop the game?
8. Why is Emma eager to go to Box Hill before the party takes place there?
9. Why does Emma say Frank will never go to Switzerland?
10. How does Emma reply to Frank’s complaint that he is sick of...
(The entire section is 563 words.)
1. Why is Emma beginning to suspect that Frank’s flirtations are fake?
2. Why does Mr. Knightley question Emma about the game Frank proposes?
3. How does Emma receive Frank’s request that she choose a wife for him?
4. How does Emma first respond when Mr. Knightley accuses her of having hurt Miss Bates’s feelings?
5. Why is Emma so glad to be playing backgammon with her father?
6. What is the atmosphere in the Bates’ house when Emma arrives?
7. How does Emma contrast Mrs. Churchill and Jane Fairfax?
8. Why does Emma blush when her father brings up her visit to the Bates’ house?
9. Why is Emma...
(The entire section is 631 words.)
1. What is Mrs. Weston’s response to the secret engagement?
2. What is Emma’s response?
3. What is Emma’s concern for the family that was to employ Jane?
4. Why does Emma blush when the name Dixon is uttered?
5. What is Emma referring to with her quote, “the world is not their’s, nor the world’s law?”
6. Why do Mr. Knightley’s prophetic words, “Emma, you have been no friend to Harriet Smith” haunt her?
7. What other mistake did Emma make when she assumed Harriet and she were talking about Frank Churchill, not Mr. Knightley?
8. What two incidents convince Harriet that Mr. Knightley has singled her out...
(The entire section is 607 words.)
1. Why does Emma say that Mr. Knightley has tried to improve her and wanted her to do right “as no other creature had at all shared?”
2. Why would Emma be content if Mr. Knightley stayed single?
3. Why does Emma banish Harriet from Hartfield?
4. Why does Emma exclaim “Poor girl!” in referring to Jane Fairfax?
5. What contributed to Jane Fairfax’s burden during her secret engagement?
6. Why does Emma think Mr. Knightley is neither cheerful and not communicative when he returns from London?
7. Why does Mr. Knightley call Frank an “abominable scoundrel?”
8. Why does he refer to him as “a favorite of...
(The entire section is 584 words.)
1. Why does Emma say of her father, “Could he have seen the heart, he would have cared very little for the lungs?”
2. Why doesn’t Emma want to read the letter from Frank Churchill?
3. What fact comes to light about Jane Fairfax from the letter?
4. What does Frank think about the Eltons?
5. What does Mr. Knightley think of Frank’s reference to Emma?
6. Why does this make Emma blush?
7. What are Mr. Knightley’s final thoughts on Frank Churchill?
8. Why was Isabella Knightley eager to have Harriet visit?
9. Why is Mrs. Elton so happy when Emma comes to visit Jane?
10. How soon does Jane...
(The entire section is 499 words.)
1. Why does Emma say she can never call Mr. Knightley “George”?
2. Why does Emma have such a hard time persuading her father to give his consent to her marriage?
3. How long do Mr. Knightley and Emma think it will be before the news is all over Highbury?
4. Why do the Eltons respond to the match between Mr. Knightley and Emma as they do?
5. Why does Emma lean into her workbasket to conceal her face when Mr. Knightley tells her that Harriet accepted Mr. Martin’s proposal?
6. Why isn’t Mr. Knightley surprised at Harriet’s agreeing to marry Robert Martin?
7. Why does Emma forgive Frank so readily?
8. How does Frank show...
(The entire section is 614 words.)