Emma Summary

Emma is a novel by Jane Austen in which the young and beautiful Emma Woodhouse meddles in the love lives of her friends. However, she quickly learns that matchmaking is not as straightforward as it seems.

  • Emma befriends a young, impressionable girl named Harriet Smith and convinces her not to marry the kind but unfashionable Robert Martin.

  • Emma's neighbor Mr. Knightley warns Emma against meddling, but Emma doesn't listen. Emma's efforts to find a match for Harriet result in Harriet's heart being broken and Emma realizing her feelings for Mr. Knightley.

  • Emma and Mr. Knightley get engaged, and Harriet and Robert Martin reconcile.


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Last Updated June 12, 2023.


Emma is a novel written by Jane Austen, an English author, and was first published in 1815. It is one of Austen's most celebrated works and is considered a classic of English literature. The novel tells the story of Emma Woodhouse, a young, clever, and wealthy woman living in the fictional village of Highbury. Set in the early 19th century, Emma explores themes of social class, marriage, and personal growth.

Jane Austen, born in 1775, was a prominent figure in the Regency period of English literature. Known for her witty and insightful portrayals of society, Austen's novels often focus on the lives of women in the English gentry.

Emma was the last novel published during Austen's lifetime, and it showcases her mastery of the genre with its complex characters, sharp dialogue, and satirical commentary on social conventions. It's considered by many to be Austen's funniest and most charming book.

What Happens:
The novel follows Emma Woodhouse, a young woman who fancies herself a skilled matchmaker. Living a comfortable life with her father, Emma enjoys meddling in the romantic affairs of those around her, for her own amusement and to move things along in society. She befriends Harriet Smith, a young and naive girl of lower social status, and takes it upon herself to find a suitable husband for her.

Emma's attempts at matchmaking lead to various misadventures and misunderstandings, usually with a comedic outcome. She initially encourages Harriet to reject a proposal from a local farmer, Mr. Martin, in hopes of finding her a more prestigious match. Emma instead directs Harriet's attention towards Mr. Elton, the local vicar. However, Emma soon discovers that Mr. Elton has been courting her, not Harriet, leading to embarrassment and disappointment for all three people.

Meanwhile, Emma's friend, Mr. Knightley, tries to caution her against her meddling ways and offers insightful observations about her character. Emma begins to reassess her actions and intentions, realizing that her preoccupation with others' love lives has blinded her to her own feelings, particularly her growing affection for Mr. Knightley.

As the story unfolds, Emma's schemes continue to backfire. She encourages Harriet to set her sights on Frank Churchill, a charming newcomer to Highbury, but it is revealed that Frank is engaged to another woman. Emma discovers that the other woman is her longtime family friend, Jane Fairfax, further complicating the romantic dynamics.

Eventually, Emma's misguided interference leads to heartbreak and disappointment. Harriet confesses her love for Mr. Knightley, totally unaware of Emma's own affection for him. Emma realizes the error of her ways and acknowledges her own love for Mr. Knightley. In the end, Mr. Knightley proposes to Emma, and she accepts, finally recognizing the importance of true love and personal growth. Meanwhile, Harriet's disappointment turns to happiness, as she accepts a proposal from Mr. Martin, the local farmer who was interested in Harriet at the start of the novel.

Why it Matters:Emma holds a significant place in the canon of Western literature as a masterpiece of character development, humor, and social commentary. It belongs to the tradition of the English novel, specifically the genre of comedy of manners, which focuses on the manners, customs, and social conventions of a particular society.

The novel provides a nuanced portrayal of social class and the restrictions placed on women during the Regency era. Through Emma's journey, Austen critiques the limitations imposed on women's autonomy and challenges the notion of marriage as the ultimate goal for women in society. Emma's growth from a misguided matchmaker to a more self-aware individual reflects the importance of personal growth, self-reflection, and empathy.


(This entire section contains 723 words.)

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meticulous attention to detail, witty dialogue, and satirical wit contribute to the enduring appeal ofEmma. The novel showcases Austen's keen understanding of human nature and her ability to create vivid and relatable characters. Emma, with her flaws and vulnerabilities, remains a complex and compelling protagonist, and the book has been adapted many times into plays and films.

"Emma" also explores timeless themes such as the nature of friendship, the complexities of romantic relationships, and the pursuit of happiness. It offers valuable insights into human relationships and the importance of self-discovery and personal transformation. As a work of art, Emma continues to captivate readers, providing a window into a bygone era while shedding light on universal truths about love, society, and the human condition.


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