Other literary forms
The novels of Elizabeth Gaskell (GAS-kehl) appeared in serial form in journals such as Household Words and All the Year Round, edited by Charles Dickens, and the Cornhill Magazine, edited by William Makepeace Thackeray. During the years of novel writing, she also published travel sketches, essays, and short stories. Her collections of stories that appeared in serial as well as hardcover form were Lizzie Leigh, and Other Tales (1855); Round the Sofa (1859), containing also the separate tales inset in “My Lady Ludlow”; Right at Last, and Other Tales (1860); Lois the Witch, and Other Tales (1861); and Cousin Phillis, and Other Tales (1865). Sketches of Manchester life appeared as Life in Manchester (1847) under the pseudonym Cotton Mather Mills, Esq. Gaskell’s biography of Charlotte Brontë, still regarded as a standard source, appeared in 1857. The standard edition of Gaskell’s work is the Knutsford edition (1906), which includes both fiction and nonfiction. The Letters of Mrs. Gaskell (1966) was edited by Arthur Pollard and J. A. V. Chapple.