This novel is organized around the character of Elizabeth Costello, who is virtually an alter ego for the author himself. While a famous and successful writer, she is also a lonely, confused, and sad old woman who knows that other people find her infuriating, which further isolates her. As she travels from Amsterdam to South Africa, Massachusetts, and to what appears to be the gates of Heaven, she gives readers what are described as lessons, eight in toto. The first two chapters of this novel, “The Philosophers and the Animals” and “The Poets and the Animals,” argue that the slaughtering of animals is a crime that leads to moral corruption and spiritual disaster. Related to this is the overvaluation of human reason, which Costello suggests is simply the mask that power wears and which has made it impossible for humans to empathize with the situation of animals. She suggests that human beings have forgotten their own animal natures, especially their shared mortality. In contemplating her own death she feels she shares the existential situation of animals, and at the end of her two lessons on this issue, her son, John, indeed comforts her as if she were a miserable suffering creature approaching death.
A second topic concerns the issue of evil and is organized around Costello’s reaction to a novel written about Nazi Germany. She concludes the author may be too pleasurably involved with his subject, as a result becoming demonic; Costello suspects...
(The entire section is 473 words.)