Auerbach, Nina. “Elizabeth Gaskell's ‘Sly Javelins’: Governing Women in Cranford and Haworth.” In Modern Language Quarterly 38, No. 3 (September 1977): 276-91.
Relates Gaskell's creation of Cranford to her imaginative obsession with the Brontë sisters.
Cass, Jeffrey. “‘The Scraps, Patches, and Rags of Daily Life’: Gaskell's Oriental Other and the Conservation of Cranford.” In Papers on Language and Literature 35, No. 4 (Fall 1999): 417-33.
Considers the encroachment of market forces and foreign influences on the conservative and tranquil village of Cranford.
(The entire section is 500 words.)