Bibliography

Download PDF Print Page Citation Share Link

Last Updated on May 6, 2015, by eNotes Editorial. Word Count: 262

Brady, Frank. “Structure and Meaning in Gray’s Elegy.” In From Sensibility to Romanticism: Essays Presented to Frederick A. Pottle , edited by Frederick W. Hilles and Harold Bloom. New York: Oxford University Press, 1965. In his lucid and careful reading of Gray’s elegy, Brady stresses the appropriateness of the...

(The entire section contains 765 words.)

Unlock This Study Guide Now

Start your 48-hour free trial to unlock this Elegy Written in a Country Churchyard study guide. You'll get access to all of the Elegy Written in a Country Churchyard content, as well as access to more than 30,000 additional guides and more than 350,000 Homework Help questions answered by our experts.

  • Summary
  • Themes
  • Analysis
  • Quotes
  • Critical Essays
  • Teaching Guide
Start your 48-Hour Free Trial

Brady, Frank. “Structure and Meaning in Gray’s Elegy.” In From Sensibility to Romanticism: Essays Presented to Frederick A. Pottle, edited by Frederick W. Hilles and Harold Bloom. New York: Oxford University Press, 1965. In his lucid and careful reading of Gray’s elegy, Brady stresses the appropriateness of the closing “epitaph.” (The book contains two other essays on the “Elegy Written in a Country Churchyard.”)

Brooks, Cleanth. “Gray’s Storied Urn.” In The Well Wrought Urn: Studies in the Structure of Poetry. New York: Reynal & Hitchcock, 1947. In a celebrated and important close reading of the poem, Brooks argues that the “Elegy Written in a Country Churchyard” is rich in irony and implication. Essential reading for any interpreter of the work.

Lonsdale, Roger, ed. The Poems of Thomas Gray, William Collins, Oliver Goldsmith. London: Longman, 1969. Lonsdale’s introduction to Gray’s elegy and his notes to the text are invaluable, especially on the difficulties of lines 93 to 96.

Sells, A. L. Lytton, assisted by Iris Lytton Sells. Thomas Gray: His Life and Works. London: George Allen and Unwin, 1980. This biography includes frequent references to Gray’s elegy and includes a lengthy discussion of the work. Sells believes that the epitaph refers to Richard West.

Weinfield, Henry. The Poet Without a Name: Gray’s “Elegy” and the Problem of History. Carbondale: Southern Illinois University Press, 1991. A scholarly book that employs a variety of critical methods to establish the poem’s significance. Weinfield, who gives his own intricate reading of the work in chapter 3, considers the “thee” in line 93 to refer to all of humanity.

Bibliography and Further Reading

Download PDF Print Page Citation Share Link

Last Updated on April 30, 2020, by eNotes Editorial. Word Count: 416

Sources

Arnold, Matthew, "Thomas Gray," in his Essays in Criticism, 2nd ser., The Macmillan Company, 1934, pp. 69-99.

Brady, Frank, "Structure and Meaning in Gray's Elegy," in Thomas Gray's Elegy Written in a Country Churchyard, edited by Harold Bloom, Philadelphia: Chelsea House Publishers, 1987.

Ellis, Frank Hale, "Gray's Elegy: The Biographical Problem in Literary Criticism," in Twentieth Century Interpretations of Gray's "Elegy," edited by Herbert W. Starr, Englewood Cliffs, NJ: Prentice-Hall, Inc., 1968.

Empson, William, "Proletarian Literature," in English Pastoral Poetry, New York: New Directions, 1935, pp. 4-5.

Hutchings, W., "Syntax of Death: Instability in Gray's 'Elegy Written in a Country Churchyard,'" in Studies in Philology, Vol. LXXXI, No. 4, Fall, 1984, pp. 496-514.

Johnson, Samuel, "Gray," in his Lives of the English Poets, Vol. II, 1781; reprinted by Oxford University Press, 1967, pp. 453-64.

Krutch, Joseph Wood, "Introduction," in The Selected Letters of Thomas Gray by Thomas Gray, edited by Joseph Wood Krutch, New York: Farrar, Strauss and Young, Inc., 1952, pp. ix-xxxii.

Weaver, Carl J., "The Bicentenary of Gray's 'Elegy,'" in Colby Library Quarterly, Series III, No. 1, February, 1951, pp. 9-12.

Weinfield, Henry, The Poet Without a Name: Gray's "Elegy" and the Problem of History, Carbondale: Southern Illinois University Press, 1991.

For Further Study

Brooks, Cleanth, "Gray's Storied Urn," in The Well-Wrought Urn, New York: Harcourt Brace, 1947, pp. 96-113.

Brooks, one of this century's most esteemed literary critics, examines the layers of complexity in this seemingly simple poem, which he likens to "a tissue of allusion and half-allusion."

Glazier, Lyle, "Gray's Elegy: 'The Skull Beneath the Skin'," in University of Kansas Review, Vol. XIX, Spring, 1953, pp. 174-180.

Glazier interprets this as a poem of equality, favoring no class over another. He reminds readers that it is not merely about the virtues of the poor, but a declaration that all persons, rich and poor, are mortal.

Golden, Morris, Thomas Gray, New York: Grosset & Dunlap, Publishers, 1964.

This book-length overview of Gray's life and career provided students with a good general background of the poet's importance.

Hutchings, W., "Syntax of Death: Instability in Gray's 'Elegy Written in a Country Churchyard'," in Thomas Gray's Elegy Written in a Country Churchyard, edited by Harold Bloom, Philadelphia: Chelsea House Publishers, 1987.

This essay gives a focused, scholarly look at Gray's use of language and punctuation, with ample references to other poems and other critics' thoughts.

McCarthy, B. Eugene, Thomas Gray: The Progress of a Poet, Madison, NJ: Fairleigh Dickinson University Press, 1997.

McCarthy examines the development of Gray's life and thought, giving special attention to his translations and, of course, the "Elegy."

Media Adaptations

Download PDF Print Page Citation Share Link

Last Updated on May 5, 2015, by eNotes Editorial. Word Count: 87

J. Norton Publishers/Audio-Forum has produced an audiocassette entitled How Shelley Died; Elegy in a Country Churchyard: Two Lectures (1979) with Gilbert Highet.

Caedmon has produced an audiocassette set (of 4 disks) entitled Eighteenth Century Poets and Drama (1970).

Spoken Arts Corporation has produced an audiocassette set (of 6 disks) entitled Great English Literature of the 18th Century (1971).

Perspective Films has produced a videocassette entitled Elegy to Thomas Gray (1980).

Monterey Home Video has produced a video-cassette entitled The Poetry Hall of Fame: Volume IV (1994) from the BBC series "Anyone for Tennyson?"

Illustration of PDF document

Download Elegy Written in a Country Churchyard Study Guide

Subscribe Now
Previous

Historical and Social Context