Eighteenth-Century Travel Narratives Criticism: Eighteenth-Century European Travel Narratives - Essay

Robert Bufalini (essay date 1997)

(Literary Criticism (1400-1800))

SOURCE: Bufalini, Robert. “Saverio Scrofani's Viaggio in Grecia and Late Eighteenth-Century Travel Writing.” Italica 74, no. 1 (spring 1997): 43-51.

[In the following essay, Bufalini argues that by the late eighteenth century, travel narratives no longer tried to combine literary experience with scientific inquiry as they had earlier in the century, citing Saverio Scrofani's 1799 Viaggio in Grecia as an example of the growing separation of science and literature in travel writing.]

The Viaggio in Grecia (1799) of Saverio Scrofani had quick and considerable success, as the fact that it was translated into French by Blanvillain in 1801 and from...

(The entire section is 4056 words.)

Mihaela Irimia (essay date 1997)

(Literary Criticism (1400-1800))

SOURCE: Irimia, Mihaela. “Defoe and Cantemir: Eighteenth-Century Explorers, West and East.” In 1650-1850: Ideas, Aesthetics, and Inquiries in the Early Modern Era, Vol. 3, edited by Kevin L. Cope and Laura Morrow, pp. 239-49. New York: AMS Press, 1997.

[In the following essay, Irimia compares Cantemir's The History of the Growth and Decay of the Othman Empire and Defoe's A Tour through the Whole Island of Great Britain, finding that the authors are linked by their early eighteenth-century analyses of Empire.]

I want to look at Defoe and Cantemir as explorers in space and time. In so doing, I will consider two works that are given relatively little...

(The entire section is 3572 words.)

John Wiltshire (essay date 1997)

(Literary Criticism (1400-1800))

SOURCE: Wiltshire, John. “‘From China to Peru’: Johnson in the Traveled World.” In The Cambridge Companion to Samuel Johnson, edited by Greg Clingham, pp. 209-23. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press, 1997.

[In the following essay, Wiltshire argues that Samuel Johnson had conflicting opinions about the importance of travel. Wiltshire notes that Johnson’s insistence that the universality of human nature made travel pointless is contrary to the great diversity of customs and material conditions he found during his own travels late in life.]

“When a man is tired of London, he is tired of life, for there is in London all that life can afford.” Johnson made...

(The entire section is 6718 words.)

D. W. Kenning (essay date 1998)

(Literary Criticism (1400-1800))

SOURCE: Kenning, D. W. “What's in a Name? Earl Miner and the Travels of Basho and Johnson.” Comparative Literature Studies 35, no. 2 (1998): 191-205.

[In the following essay, Kenning reviews Earl Miner's 1996 Naming Properties, a comparative study of Matsuo Basho's 1689 Narrow Roads to the Far North and Samuel Johnson's 1773 A Journey to the Western Isles of Scotland.]

I

In 1689, the great Japanese haikai poet Matsuo Bashō embarked on a walking journey, a pilgrimage of sorts, to the relatively remote country north of Edo, then south down the “shadow” coast on the Japan Sea. In the greatest of all travel diaries,...

(The entire section is 6476 words.)

Deirdre Coleman (essay date 1999)

(Literary Criticism (1400-1800))

SOURCE: Coleman, Deirdre. Introduction to Maiden Voyages and Infant Colonies: Two Women's Travel Narratives of the 1790's, pp. 1-43. London: Leicester University Press, 1999.

[In the following excerpt, Coleman discusses two late eighteenth-century travel narratives written by British women, Anna Maria Falconbridge's Two Voyages to Sierra Leone and Mary Ann Parker's A Voyage Round the World.]

ANNA MARIA FALCONBRIDGE, TWO VOYAGES TO SIERRA LEONE

for the Authoress is open to conviction, and if convicted on this occasion, she will with all due deference kiss the rod of correction.

...

(The entire section is 7286 words.)

Katherine S. H. Turner (essay date 1999)

(Literary Criticism (1400-1800))

SOURCE: Turner, Katherine S. H. “From Classical to Imperial: Changing Visions of Turkey in the Eighteenth Century.” In Travel Writing and Empire: Postcolonial Theory in Transit, edited by Steve Clark, pp. 113-28. London: Zed Books, 1999.

[In the following essay, Turner compares the travel narratives of Mary Wortley Montagu and Elizabeth Craven, two English women who had radically different views of eighteenth-century Turkey.]

Lady Mary Wortley Montagu's Turkish Embassy Letters, written between 1716 and 1718 but published (posthumously) only in 1763, remains one of the best known of eighteenth-century travelogues, and Montagu herself was one of the most...

(The entire section is 7627 words.)

Bridget Orr (essay date 1999)

(Literary Criticism (1400-1800))

SOURCE: Orr, Bridget. “‘Stifling Pity in a Parent's Breast’: Infanticide and Savagery in Late Eighteenth-Century Travel Writing.” In Travel Writing and Empire: Postcolonial Theory in Transit, edited by Steve Clark, pp. 131-46. London: Zed Books, 1999.

[In the following essay, Orr argues that eighteenth-century Scottish travel writers often compelled British women to accept maternal roles by exaggerating the degradation of those who practiced infanticide in foreign lands.]

The following Inquiry is intended to illustrate the natural history of mankind in several important articles. This is attempted, by pointing out the most obvious and common...

(The entire section is 7319 words.)

Sven-Erik Rose (essay date 1999-2000)

(Literary Criticism (1400-1800))

SOURCE: Rose, Sven-Erik. “The Funny Business of the Swedish East India Company: Gender and Imperial Joke-Work in Jacob Wallenberg's Travel Writing.” Eighteenth-Century Studies 33, no. 2 (1999-2000): 217-32.

[In the following essay, Rose examines the 1781 Swedish travel narrative My Son on the Galley by Jacob Wallenberg, arguing that the author's comic sexual descriptions are an attempt to deal with feelings regarding Sweden's colonial exploitation of China and the East Indies.]

COLONIAL COMEDY

“Incarcerated for almost eighteen months on a ship and continually surrounded by wearisome monotony, may I not be permitted to seek...

(The entire section is 8112 words.)