Ecofeminism and Nineteenth-Century Literature Criticism: The Local Landscape - Essay

Louise H. Westling (essay date 1996)

(Nineteenth-Century Literary Criticism)

SOURCE: Westling, Louise H. “Pastoral Ambivalence in Emerson and Thoreau.” In The Green Breast of the New World: Landscape, Gender, and American Fiction, pp. 39-53. Athens: The University of Georgia Press, 1996.

[In the following essay, Westling examines ideas about gender at the heart of the nature writings of Ralph Waldo Emerson and Henry David Thoreau.]

What James Fenimore Cooper defined through fiction as white Americans' innocent inheritance of the landscape, Ralph Waldo Emerson and Henry David Thoreau addressed explicitly in Nature and Walden, through deliberate acts of self-evaluation and national mythmaking (Lewis, American Adam, 13-27;...

(The entire section is 6345 words.)

Mark T. Hoyer (essay date 2001)

(Nineteenth-Century Literary Criticism)

SOURCE: Hoyer, Mark T. “Cultivating Desire, Tending Piety: Botanical Discourse in Harriet Beecher Stowe's The Minister's Wooing.” In Beyond Nature Writing: Expanding the Boundaries of Ecocriticism, edited by Karla Armbruster and Kathleen R. Wallace, pp. 111-25. Charlottesville: University Press of Virginia, 2001.

[In the following essay, Hoyer argues that Harriet Beecher Stowe's The Minister's Wooing is a good example of how women writers adapted male-dominated discussions about science and nature to their own purposes.]

In 1858 the preeminent American botanist Asa Gray opened his book Botany for Young People and Common Schools by quoting...

(The entire section is 5919 words.)

Kelly L. Richardson (essay date 2001)

(Nineteenth-Century Literary Criticism)

SOURCE: Richardson, Kelly L. “‘A Happy, Rural Seat of Various Views’: The Ecological Spirit in Sarah Orne Jewett's The Country of Pointed Firs and the Dunnet Landing Stories.” In Such News of the Land: U. S. Women Nature Writers, edited by Thomas S. Edwards and Elizabeth A. DeWolfe, pp. 95-109. Hanover, N. H.: University Press of New England, 2001.

[In the following essay, Richardson analyzes Sarah Orne Jewett's ecological focus, the connections she makes between people and nature, and her concern with spirituality in The Country of the Pointed Firs.]

“I think,” said Kate, “that the more one lives out of doors the more...

(The entire section is 9638 words.)

Andrea Blair (essay date 2002)

(Nineteenth-Century Literary Criticism)

SOURCE: Blair, Andrea. “Landscape in Drag: The Paradox of Feminine Space in Susan Warner's The Wide, Wide World.” In The Greening of Literary Scholarship: Literature, Theory, and the Environment, edited by Steven Rosendale, pp. 111-30. Iowa City: University of Iowa Press, 2002.

[In the following essay, Blair discusses the metaphor of land-as-woman, offers a theoretical foundation for a balanced exploration of gendered landscape representation, and tests her new approach by applying it to Susan Warner's 1850 novel The Wide, Wide World.]

Since the 1970s, the feminization of space has piqued the interest of geographers, feminists, and ecocritics alike. The...

(The entire section is 8183 words.)

Michael A. Bryson (essay date 2002)

(Nineteenth-Century Literary Criticism)

SOURCE: Bryson, Michael A. “‘The Earth Is the Common Home of All’: Susan Fenimore Cooper's Investigations of a Settled Landscape.” In Visions of the Land: Science, Literature, and the American Environment from the Era of Exploration to the Age of Ecology, pp. 105-33. Charlottesville: University Press of Virginia, 2002.

[In the following essay, Bryson examines Susan Fenimore Cooper's scientific, literary, and environmental approach to her community in Rural Hours.]

From within the forests of central New York State in the mid-1800s, a land of expansive woodlands, rolling hills, quiet lakes, and small but growing communities, writer and naturalist Susan Fenimore...

(The entire section is 13135 words.)