The Dream of the Rood

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Bolton, W. F. "The Book of Job in The Dream of the Rood." Mediaevalia: A Journal of Medieval Studies 6 (1980): 87-103.

Compares the themes and imagery in The Dream of the Rood with those found in the Book of Job.

Burlin, Robert B. "The Ruthwell Cross, The Dream of the Rood and the Vita Contemplativa." Studies in Philology LXV, No. 1 (January 1968): 23-43.

Contends that "the contemplative life was a significant component of the intellectual and spiritual climate" that existed during the time of the composition of The Dream of the Rood.

Carragáin, Éamonn Ó. "Crucifixion as Annunciation: The Relation of The Dream of the Rood to the Liturgy Reconsidered." English Studies 63, No. 6 (December 1982): 487-505.

Compares the Ruthwell Cross Crucifixion Poem with The Dream of the Rood, concluding that they both "sprang from an unbroken tradition of monastic devotion informed by experience of the liturgy."

Cook, Albert S., ed. Introduction to The Dream of the Rood: An Old English Poem Attributed to Cynewulf, pp. v-lix. Oxford: At the Clarendon Press, 1905.

Analyzes the literary characteristics and theories of authorship of The Dream of the Rood.

Hieatt, Constance B. "Dream Frame and Verbal Echo in The Dream of the Rood." Neuphilologische Mitteilungen LXXII, No. 2 (1971): 251-63.

Assesses the poet's use of the dream sequence as a literary device.

Horgan, A. D. "The Dream of the Rood and Christian Tradition." Neuphilologische Mitteilungen LXXXIX (1978): 11-20.

Explores details common to the early Jewish-Christian The Gospel of Peter andThe Dream of the Rood.

Kintgen, Eugene R. "Echoic Repetition in Old English Poetry, Especially The Dream of the Rood." Neuphilologische Mitteilungen LXXV, No. 2 (1974): 202-23.

Assesses the use of the echo as a basic characteristic of Old English poetry, primarily in The Dream of the Rood.

Krapp, George Philip, ed. Introduction to The Vercelli Book, pp. xi-lxxx. The Anglo-Saxon Poetic Records: A Collective Edition, Vol. II. New York: Columbia University Press, 1932.

Discusses the origin and contents of the manuscript of the Vercelli Book.

Lee, N. A. "The Unity of The Dream of the Rood." Neophilologus LVI, No. 4 (October 1972): 469-86.

Argues that the second half of The Dream of the Rood, which is often neglected by critics, is an important part of the poem that reveals "a satisfying shape and coherence which becomes plainer when the traditional nature of the poet's material is understood."

Le Saux, Françoise. "Didacticism in The Dream of the Rood." Études de Lettres 2, No. 3 (April-September 1987): 167-77.

Studies the didactic parallels between The Dream of the Rood and the Old English bestiary Physiologus.

Payne, Richard C. "Convention and Originality in the Vision Framework of The Dream of the Rood." Modern Philology 73, No. 4, Part 1 (May 1976): 329-41.

Compares the beginning of The Dream of the Rood with descriptions of the Last Judgment found in other Old English eschatological poems and art.

Pope, John C., ed. "The Dream of the Rood." In his Seven Old English Poems, pp. 60-70. Indianapolis: Bobbs-Merrill Company, 1966.

Praises The Dream of the Rood for "the depth and subtlety of its understanding" as well as "the art and imagi-nation with which the speeches of dreamer and cross are invented, complexities of meaning and emotion are conveyed, order is maintained, and a significant progression is unfolded from beginning to end."

Raw, Barbara C. "The Dream of the Rood and Its Connections with Early Christian Art." Medium Aevum XXXIX, No. 3 (1970): 239-56.

Compares the poet's portrayal of Christ and the Cross with the imagery and symbolism used in Palestinian and Mediterranean art.

——. "Biblical...

(This entire section contains 881 words.)

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Literature: The New Testament." InThe Cambridge Companion to Old English Literature, edited by Malcolm Godden and Michael Lapidge, pp. 227-42. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press, 1991.

Compares The Dream of the Rood with the three poems known collectively as the Christ.

Savage, Anne. "The Place of Old English Poetry in the English Meditative Tradition." In The Medieval Mystical Tradition in England: Exeter Symposium IV, edited by Marion Glasscoe, pp. 92-110. Cambridge: D. S. Brewer, 1987.

Discusses the meditative aspect of The Dream of the Rood.

Shepherd, Geoffrey. "Scriptural Poetry." In Continuations and Beginnings: Studies in Old English Literature, edited by Eric Gerald Stanley, pp. 1-36. London: Thomas Nelson and Sons, 1966.

Explores The Dream of the Rood as biblical poetry, calling it "a highly successful poem: its words bare and shining; its structure strong and shapely; its material rich in associations with Christian art and Christian documents."

Stevens, William O. The Cross in the Life and Literature of the Anglo-Saxons. Yale Studies in English, edited by AlbertS. Cook, Vol. XXIII. New York: Henry Holt and Company, 1904, 105 p.

Discusses the setting of The Dream of the Rood with respect to devotion to the Cross, debating whether the spirit of veneration was peculiar to "the poet of The Dream of the Rood, or whether it was more or less characteristic of the civilization" to which the poem belongs.

Taylor, P. B. "Text and Texture of The Dream of the Rood." Neuphilologische Mitteilungen LXXV, No. 2 (1974): 193-201.

Emphasizes the importance of ambiguous language in The Dream of the Rood and cites several specific examples.

Wrenn, C. L. "Cynewulf and the Christian Establishment." In her A Study of Old English Literature, pp. 122-38. London: George G. Harrap and Co., 1967.

Contends that The Dream of the Rood was not written by Cynewulf, stating that the poem "really stands quite by itself, as anonymous as it is unique."

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Criticism