Downbelow Station Critical Essays

C. J. Cherryh


(Critical Survey of Science Fiction and Fantasy)

Downbelow Station’s sprawling scope is typical of space operas; however, various structural properties work to create a serious tone that is uncharacteristic of the space opera subgenre. Whereas space operas are often likened to “Westerns in space,” Downbelow Station reads more like a high-quality political thriller.

Despite extraordinary numbers of characters, points of view, and rapid scene changes, C. J. Cherryh employs a gritty and direct prose that gives the narrative the tenor of reportage, rather than of high adventure. Similarly, the motivations of both characters and governments are consistent and believable. Hackneyed good-versus-evil tropes are absent, replaced by an almost brutal presentation of the realpolitik that drives persons who hold tremendous power and responsibility. Each chapter is headed by a dateline/location indicator, another structural nuance that serves to vest the narrative with an illusion of historicity. These various features combine to create a narrative structure that exudes an aura of plausibility, thereby placing Downbelow Station in the same domain occupied by extrapolative political or war thrillers such as Tom Clancy’s Red Storm Rising (1986) or Fletcher Knebel and Charles Bailey II’s Seven Days in May (1962). Downbelow Station won the 1982 Hugo Award, one of science fiction’s top honors.