"A Remnant Of Our Spartan Dead"

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Last Updated on June 3, 2015, by eNotes Editorial. Word Count: 514

Context: In Venice, in the summer of 1818, Byron started what he intended to be an epic poem. Instead of the Spenserian stanzas of his earlier Childe Harold's Pilgrimage, he chose the Italian meter called ottava rima, the meter in which Ludovico Ariosto (1474–1533) wrote the highest literary achievement of the Italian Renaissance, Orlando Furioso. Perhaps its reputation as the greatest of poetic romances influenced the British poet to select its eight-line, ten-syllable stanza for what turned out to be his own masterpiece. The Italian romance, however, is a serious work, while Don Juan sounds at times like a jest, often rising to great heights of poetic inspiration, only to poke fun at the reader for taking it seriously. There is as much satire in it as romance, beginning with the dedication that insults Southey, the Poet Laureate of the time, and criticizes Wordsworth and Coleridge, along with other contemporary writers, as the work progresses. Don Juan Tenorio was a famous character of Spanish romanticism, based on a Golden Age original, but he has little relationship to the title character of this poem, except as both were persistent pursuers of women. The English poem begins with the childhood of the hero, brought up by his mother, an intellectual, and getting his first knowledge of love-making through an affair with his mother's friend Donna Julia, the twenty-three-year-old wife of elderly Don Alfonso. From June until November they carry on their affair undiscovered; then Don Alfonso learns of the intrigue. Juan's mother decides to send the young man on a tour of Europe to improve his morals, and the first canto ends with the statement by the poet that whether he continues with Don Juan's adventures depends on how well the public buys the first sample. Despite the storm of protests rising because of Byron's voluptuousness that came when an anonymous publisher issued the anonymous first and second cantos published together, in July, 1819, Byron was encouraged to...

(The entire section contains 514 words.)

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