Places Discussed

(Critical Guide to Settings and Places in Literature)

Zenith

Zenith. Fictional midwestern city in which the novel opens. Lewis created Zenith in Babbitt (1922), a novel in which the Dodsworths are a leading pioneer family and Sam creates a major automobile manufacturing company. In Dodsworth Sam is proud of his city, but Fran is dissatisfied with its cultural and social life. After selling his business, Sam agrees to spend a year touring Europe. Zenith provides the background to the novel and an implicit counterpoint to Europe.

*England

*England. For Sam, England is the land of his ancestors, the country whose literature fills his imagination, the place where he believes he will feel most at home. Some things are as expected—coaching inns reminiscent of Charles Dickens’s Pickwick Papers (1836-1837), quaint London shop-fronts, and double-decker buses. However, he has much to learn—some English accents are incomprehensible to him; even in the theater he can understand only two-thirds of what the actors say. He replaces his evening clothes and hat to match British styles. Fran has little interest in sightseeing, but British society fascinates her. The high points of her visit are the weekend she and Sam spend at the home of a real English lord, arranged by a shipboard acquaintance, and taking tea with the aristocracy of England at the palatial manor house of a member of Parliament. When Sam is uncomfortable at the tea, Fran accuses him of carrying Zenith with him wherever he goes.

*France

*France. Sam finds France strange, yet appealing in its...

(The entire section is 655 words.)