Sganarelle (zgah-nah-REHL), a wood gatherer whose wife accuses him of drunkenness, gambling, and lechery. Although he admits that she is a good wife, he intends to be the boss of the household. Because he believes that beatings increase affection, he whips her. When he is mistaken for a doctor, through his wife’s trickery to have him beaten in turn, he displays—though he has had no education beyond the lowest class in school—wit, quick thinking, and convincing inventiveness by his use of garbled Latin, jumbled anatomical terms, and quotations from Cicero and Hippocrates. Learning that his patient suffers dumbness only because of thwarted love, he prescribes a remedy known to make parrots talk, bread soaked in wine. He displays avarice when he gets what money he can from Géronte to cure his daughter, from Léandre to enable him to see Lucinde, and from Perrin to help his mother. At the happy ending to this farce, Sganarelle forgives his wife the beatings he has received, but he reminds her that she must hereafter show greater respect for him, for he is now a doctor and not a wood gatherer.
Martine (mahr-TEEN), Sganarelle’s wife, who nags her husband about his drinking and gambling, and for selling their household possessions for these purposes. She seeks revenge for his frequent beatings by claiming that Sganarelle is an eccentric doctor who amuses himself by cutting...
(The entire section is 623 words.)