Anne Frank receives her diary as a gift for her thirteenth birthday on June 12, 1942. It is her favorite present. She names the diary “Kitty” and writes to it as a best friend. The first entries are mainly about her friends and the boys who show interest in her. Although Anne writes that she is glad to have Kitty, since she does not have a good friend, it is clear that she is popular, well liked, and socially inclined.
Later that month, the Nazis, who are occupying the Netherlands, announce a policy to deport Jews to concentration camps. Anne learns of her family’s plan to go into hiding shortly before it is put into action. They hide in a secret annex, where Anne shares a room with her sister, Margot.
A few days later a family, who in the diary are called the van Daans, move into the annex with the Franks. Their son Peter is a few years older than Anne. At first she does not like him, describing him as lazy and shy. The pressures of families sharing small quarters are quickly evident. Arguments erupt, especially between Mrs. Frank and Mrs. van Daan. Many of the arguments arise from Mrs. Frank’s belief that the van Daans are taking more than their share of commonly held items or taking the best food for themselves.
Like the others, Anne has a hard time living in the annex. She cannot go outside, and the families must keep the curtains closed and not make noise during the day so that workers at the surrounding businesses will not suspect that they are there. They are even limited to when they can flush the toilet or run water.
The situation becomes more difficult after a few months, when a man Anne calls Albert Dussel in her diary moves in with the families. He shares a room with Anne, and Margot sleeps in their parents’ room. Dussel is inconsiderate about sharing the room and is critical of Anne.
Anne misses her friends, and life in the annex is monotonous. The families pass their time reading and studying. Anne, Margot, and Peter continue their schoolwork, so they...
(The entire section is 820 words.)