Since its publication, The Diary of a Young Girl has touched millions of readers worldwide. Scholars praise the book as a personal and historical document. Many critics note that readers in the late 1940s and early 1950s, having just experienced the war, found the diary palatable because it contains no firsthand accounts of the horrors of Nazi genocide. Other critics, however, fault the book's popularity because it focuses on an individual in a unique situation rather than on the broader Holocaust experience. Robert Alter of New Republic comments that it is unfortunate that the diary's popularity is based on its comfortable distance from the horrors of the Holocaust. He is disappointed that, without Frank's diary, people seemingly ‘‘could not imagine concretely that there were countless young girls and boys ... with hopes and dreams for a personal future who were torn from life before they could really begin to live it.’’
To Frank's contemporaries, her perseverance filled a need to return to optimism. Today, readers are still inspired by the indomitable spirit of the teenaged Frank. In Booklist, Kathleen Hughes calls The Diary of a Young Girl evidence of the ‘‘resilience of the human spirit, particularly the stoic bravery of a young woman existing in a nightmarish, war-torn world.'' Writing in Judaism, Henry F. Pommer remarks that Frank's diary is essentially about humanity, and that humanity is the ultimate measure of good and evil. He relates a story in which a young person reportedly asked Supreme Court Justice Felix Frankfurter, ''And how do you know that the human race is worth saving?'' Frankfurter answered, ''I have read Anne Frank's diary.''
To many, Frank became a symbol of the waste and tragedy of the Holocaust. Sander L. Gilman observes in Studies in Jewish Literature,
No single document written during the Holocaust riveted the attention of the Western reading public more than the diary kept by Anne Frank.... The Western reading public, in Germany as well as in the United States, came to measure the Holocaust through its identification with the individual fate of Anne Frank.
Similarly, Meyer Levin declared in New York Times Book Review, ‘‘Because the diary was not written in retrospect, it contains the trembling life of every moment—Anne Frank becomes the voice of six million vanished Jewish souls.’’...
(The entire section is 1008 words.)