Since the preceding paper was written, in 1960, a number of important materials have come to light which are directly relevant to the problems of Der Nister as a Soviet writer and to our interpretation of "Under a Fence".
(1) In a letter written in 1934 or so, Der Nister told his brother in Paris:
What I have written so far is now deeply discredited here. It is an unwanted (geshlogn) article. Symbolism has no place in the Soviet Union. And I, as you know, have been a symbolist all my life. To pass from symbolism to realism is very difficult for someone like me, who has labored much to perfect his method and his manner of...
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