A Day No Pigs Would Die Analysis
by Robert Newton Peck

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(Beacham's Guide to Literature for Young Adults)

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Peck recounts many of his boyhood experiences in A Day No Pigs Would Die; he even uses his own name for the main character. The story takes place in rural Vermont in the late 1920s. Rob Peck and his family live on a farm outside the small village of Learning. The closest town of any size is Rutland, the county seat. To Rob, the only member of his family to ever see Rutland, it is the biggest city in the world.

The Pecks are Shakers. Members of this religious sect call themselves Plain People and do not believe in frills of any sort. Although poor in terms of money, the Pecks consider themselves rich in love and land. They have no horses to pull their wagon to Rutland, but they have a strong ox for chores and are proud that they have worked hard for their farm, which they will own outright in five years.

Literary Qualities

(Beacham's Guide to Literature for Young Adults)

Rob tells his story in the first person, describing his adventures and feelings, and this technique works well. The writer employs colorful dialect to capture the boy's pattern of speech, including sayings familiar to rural Vermont: "true as taproot," "falling fast as a stone," "soldier still," and "wrong as sin on Sunday." Rob tells his story as if he were talking out loud, occasionally using sentence fragments in the narrative as well as in the dialogue. This effective technique makes the narrative flow smoothly and seem more realistic.

The author does not provide many details about his characters' physical appearances, but he includes a wealth of detail about their mannerisms and attitudes. His clear analysis deftly reveals the workings of their minds. The author uses strong verbs and strong nouns; his vivid descriptions do not become flowery. The emotions he wrings from the reader are a tribute to his fine writing talent.

Through each of Rob's experiences, the reader sees him mature. The mating scene between Pinky and the boar Samson is graphic but not tasteless. The butchering of Pinky is detailed through the eyes of a heart-broken boy who helps kill his pet. Funeral arrangements for his father are made by a stunned, but strong young man who does what has to be done. Each experience shows a different side to Rob's character. The author skillfully blends them all together so that a clear picture of the protagonist emerges.

Social Sensitivity

(Beacham's Guide to Literature for Young Adults)

Peck spares nothing in his realistic picture of farm life. Some critics feel Peck is too violent and too pessimistic in his view of the imminence of death. Others find the realism refreshing. He presents and accepts nature for what it is.

The mating scene between Pinky and boar is straightforward but not offensive. The brutal details of Pinky's death are not gratuitous; they help the reader understand Rob's reaction to his father. Peck refers to sex in several instances but only in passing. Rob's four sisters have been "wedded and bedded," a colloquialism for "married." A married neighbor has had an affair that drives his girlfriend to drown their baby and hang herself. A widow woman and her hired man giggle in the dark. Rob does not pass judgment on these people but matter-of-factly accepts them, without giving their sexual lives any further thought.

For Further Reference

(Beacham's Guide to Literature for Young Adults)

Commire, Anne, ed. Something about the Author. Vol. 21. Detroit: Gale Research, 1980. An interview with Peck.

Kirkpatrick, D. L., ed. Twentieth Century Children's Writers. New York: St. Martin's Press, 1983. Favorably reviews A Day No Pigs Would Die but criticizes Peck's later works.

Lehmann-Haupt, Christopher. "City Life and Country Life." New York Times (January 4, 1973): 35. This critic calls Peck's book "a stunning little dramatization of the brutality of life on a Vermont farm."

Locher, Frances Carol, ed. Contemporary Authors. Vol. 81-84. Detroit: Gale Research, 1979. This article contains a short biography of Peck and summarizes several reviews of his works.

Marsh, Pamela. "What's New and Popular on the Bookshelf: A Day No Pigs Would Die." Christian Science Monitor(January 17, 1973): 11. Marsh finds the book "sometimes sickening, often entrancing."

Peck, Robert Newton. Fiction Is Folks. Cincinnati: Writer's Digest Books, 1983. Peck gives insights into his writing of A Day No Pigs Would Die.

Todd, Richard. "Psychic Farming: Country Books." Atlantic Monthly (April 1973): 114-120. In his review, Todd calls Peck's book "ruinously sentimental."

Yardley, Jonathan. "New Fiction: A Day No Pigs Would Die." New York Times Book Review (May 13, 1973): 37. Yardley's opinion is that the book expresses "sentiment without sentimentality."