Dozens of talented writers in Western countries (as well as scores of negligible scribblers) declared their sympathy with the Stalinist 'experiment' while it was in progress, without themselves becoming communists. The more eminent of them were taken on Potemkin tours of the Soviet Union and, if their enthusiasm survived the experience (as in some cases, such as André Gide's, it did not), they returned to serve on committees dedicated to pro-Soviet causes and to the justification of Stalinism. They were called fellow-travellers.
David Caute has told the story of the British, American, French and some of the German fellow-travellers between 1928 and 1956 in [The Fellow-Travellers], a bulky but...
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