The Darkling Thrush Lesson Plans
by Thomas Hardy

The Darkling Thrush book cover
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The Darkling Thrush Metaphor Activity

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Excerpt From This Document

This activity gives students an opportunity to practice examining and analyzing metaphors. Metaphors express images, emotions, actions, experiences, and nuances through direct and indirect comparisons, allowing readers to access deeper levels of meaning in the text. In this activity, students will classify and analyze different kinds of metaphors in order to develop close reading skills and draw inferences from the text.

First published in 1900, Thomas Hardy’s “The Darkling Thrush” is a poem about historical change. The speaker stares out at a barren winter landscape and sees in it the remains of the 19th century. With the traditions of the past abandoned in the onrush of modernity, only a singing thrush brings a note of hope. Hardy uses metaphors to imbue the landscape with deeper historical and cultural implications.

Skills: analysis, drawing inferences from text, close reading, identifying the relationship between words

Learning Objectives:
In completing this activity, students will

  • examine metaphors in a text;
  • classify metaphors in a text as direct and indirect;
  • analyze metaphors by focusing on the two things being compared and interpreting how one of them is described through the comparison.

About this Document

Our eNotes Classroom Activities give students opportunities to practice developing a variety of skills. Whether analyzing literary devices or interpreting connotative language, students will work directly with the text. The main components of our classroom activities include the following:

  • A handout defining the literary elements under discussion, complete with examples
  • A step-by-step guide to activity procedure
  • An answer key or selected examples for reference, depending on the activity

In completing these classroom activities, students will be able to classify and analyze different literary elements, thereby developing close-reading skills and drawing deeper inferences from the text.